Relationship between stress coping and burnout in Japanese hospital nurses
Article first published online: 28 JAN 2009
© 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Nursing Management
Special Issue: This issue: Discussions on Job Satisfaction, Work Environment and Burnout Issue editors: Kristiina Hyrkäs and Denise Dende
Volume 17, Issue 3, pages 359–365, April 2009
How to Cite
SASAKI, M., KITAOKA-HIGASHIGUCHI, K., MORIKAWA, Y. and NAKAGAWA, H. (2009), Relationship between stress coping and burnout in Japanese hospital nurses. Journal of Nursing Management, 17: 359–365. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2008.00960.x
- Issue published online: 20 APR 2009
- Article first published online: 28 JAN 2009
- Accepted for publication: 6 September 2008
- General Coping Questionnaire stress coping;
- Japanese hospital nurses;
- Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey
Aim The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between stress coping and burnout in Japanese hospital nurses.
Background Findings on effective stress management training are required in order to reduce nurse’s stress and prevent it from becoming chronic.
Methods The study included 1291 nurses who completed the General Coping Questionnaire and the Japanese version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey. The data were analysed using structural equation modelling.
Results In women, a frequent use of cognitive reinterpretation predicted low exhaustion and cynicism and high professional efficacy. In men, a frequent use of problem solving predicted low cynicism and high professional efficacy. Although for women, a frequent use of problem solving predicted high professional efficacy that was similar to men, there was also a concurrent high exhaustion.
Conclusion These findings suggested that enhancement of cognitive coping skills for women and problem-solving skills for men could contribute to a reduction of burnout in nurses.
Implications for nursing management Our findings suggested that effective intervention strategies in order to prevent hospital nurse’s stress from becoming chronic might be different between men and women. This difference should be taken into account in nursing management.