• burnout;
  • General Coping Questionnaire stress coping;
  • Japanese hospital nurses;
  • Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey

Aim  The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between stress coping and burnout in Japanese hospital nurses.

Background  Findings on effective stress management training are required in order to reduce nurse’s stress and prevent it from becoming chronic.

Methods  The study included 1291 nurses who completed the General Coping Questionnaire and the Japanese version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey. The data were analysed using structural equation modelling.

Results  In women, a frequent use of cognitive reinterpretation predicted low exhaustion and cynicism and high professional efficacy. In men, a frequent use of problem solving predicted low cynicism and high professional efficacy. Although for women, a frequent use of problem solving predicted high professional efficacy that was similar to men, there was also a concurrent high exhaustion.

Conclusion  These findings suggested that enhancement of cognitive coping skills for women and problem-solving skills for men could contribute to a reduction of burnout in nurses.

Implications for nursing management  Our findings suggested that effective intervention strategies in order to prevent hospital nurse’s stress from becoming chronic might be different between men and women. This difference should be taken into account in nursing management.