Construction and psychometric evaluation of the Swedish language Person-centred Climate Questionnaire – staff version
Article first published online: 24 SEP 2009
© 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Nursing Management
Special Issue: This issue: Nurses at work Issue editor: Melanie Jasper
Volume 17, Issue 7, pages 790–795, November 2009
How to Cite
EDVARDSSON, D., SANDMAN, P.O. and RASMUSSEN, B. (2009), Construction and psychometric evaluation of the Swedish language Person-centred Climate Questionnaire – staff version. Journal of Nursing Management, 17: 790–795. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2009.01005.x
- Issue published online: 24 SEP 2009
- Article first published online: 24 SEP 2009
- Accepted for publication: 26 January 2009
- health facility environment;
- organization and administration;
- patient-centered care;
- social environment
Aim The aim of the study was to construct and evaluate psychometric properties of the Swedish language Person-centred Climate Questionnaire – staff version.
Background Person-centred care is often quoted but ill defined, and the literature warrants the development of valid and reliable measurement tools.
Methods During 2006, a questionnaire was constructed and distributed to a sample of Swedish hospital staff (n = 600). Questionnaire data was subjected to item analysis and reduction. Psychometrical properties of the questionnaire were evaluated.
Results The 14-item Person-centred Climate Questionnaire showed satisfactory psychometric properties. Measures of validity were good, internal consistency was high, Cronbach’s alpha was satisfactory for the total scale (0.88) and test–retest reliability was adequate.
Conclusion The results indicate that the staff Person-centred Climate Questionnaire is a valid and reliable tool for assessing staff perceptions of the person centredness of hospital environments.
Implications for nursing management This instrument makes it possible to study the degree of person-centredness in relation to different organizational systems, environments, staff groups and managerial styles. In addition, staff variables such as turnover rates, health outcomes and efficacy can be related to staff perceived person centredness of the organization.