Expected roles and utilization of specialist nurses in Japan: the nurse administrators’ perspective
Article first published online: 15 MAR 2010
© 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Nursing Management
Special Issue: This issue: Interprofessional and team working Issue editors: Mike Cook and Kristiina Hyrkäs
Volume 18, Issue 3, pages 311–318, April 2010
How to Cite
ONISHI, M. and KANDA, K. (2010), Expected roles and utilization of specialist nurses in Japan: the nurse administrators’ perspective. Journal of Nursing Management, 18: 311–318. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2010.01070.x
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2010
- Article first published online: 15 MAR 2010
- Accepted for publication: 19 January 2010
- human-resource utilization;
- organizational roles;
- specialist nurse
onishi m. & kanda k. (2010) Journal of Nursing Management18, 311–318 Expected roles and utilization of specialist nurses in Japan: the nurse administrators’ perspective
Aim This study explored (1) expected roles for specialist nurses in Japan and (2) nurse administrators’ experience-based management strategies for effective implementation of these roles.
Background In Japan, specialist nurses have begun to be recognized as valuable human resources. However, managerial issues in utilizing specialist nurses, including unclear roles and lack of reports on effective management strategies, remain.
Method Three focus-group discussions were conducted. Nine nurse administrators participated. Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis techniques.
Results The expected roles for specialist nurses were: (1) facilitating general nurses’ learning; (2) monitoring and improving the patient care standard; and (3) developing new roles for nursing. Two management strategies were: (1) enhancing specialist nurses’ influence, and (2) enhancing specialist nurses’ motivation.
Conclusions Specialist nurses are important human resources able to assume responsibility for process improvement in nursing care. Effective ways to enhance specialist nurses’ influence and motivation include developing their management and communication skills, and coordinating their workload and relationships with other health care professionals.
Implications for Nursing Management Process improvement indicators may be useful for evaluating specialist nurses’ work. Nurse administrators can contribute to effective implementation of specialist nurses’ roles not only by clarifying their roles but also by empowering them to keep up with changing organizational needs.