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Keywords:

  • psychological empowerment;
  • structural empowerment;
  • systematic review;
  • workplace

wagner j.i.j., cummings g., smith d.l., olson j., anderson l. & warren s. (2010) Journal of Nursing Management18, 448–462 The relationship between structural empowerment and psychological empowerment for nurses: a systematic review

Aim  To describe the findings of a systematic review examining the relationship between structural empowerment and psychological empowerment for registered nurses (RNs).

Background  Workplace empowerment research reveals a link between empowerment and positive work behaviours and attitudes. Research demonstrating the essential relationship between structural empowerment and psychological empowerment will provide direction for future interventions aimed at the development of a strong and effective health care sector.

Methods  Published research articles examining structural empowerment and psychological empowerment for nurses were selected from computerized databases and selected websites. Data extraction and methodological quality assessment were completed for the included research articles.

Results  Ten papers representing six studies reveal significant associations between structural empowerment and psychological empowerment for RNs.

Implications for nursing management  Creation of an environment that provides structural empowerment is an important organizational strategy that contributes to RNs’ psychological empowerment and ultimately leads to positive work behaviours and attitudes. Critical structural components of an empowered workplace can contribute to a healthy, productive and innovative RN workforce with increased job satisfaction and retention.