abdelrazek f., skytt b., aly m., el-sabour m.a., ibrahim n.& engström m.(2010) Journal of Nursing Management 18, 736–745
Leadership and management skills of first-line managers of elderly care and their work environment
Aim To study the leadership and management skills of first-line managers (FLMs) of elderly care and their work environment in Egypt and Sweden.
Background FLMs in Egypt and Sweden are directly responsible for staff and quality of care. However, FLMs in Sweden, in elderly care, have smaller units/organizations to manage than do their colleagues in Egypt. Furthermore, family care of the elderly has been the norm in Egypt, but in recent years institutional care has increased, whereas in Sweden, residential living homes have existed for a longer period.
Methods A convenience sample of FLMs, 49 from Egypt and 49 from Sweden, answered a questionnaire measuring leadership and management skills, structural and psychological empowerment, job satisfaction and psychosomatic health.
Results In both countries, FLMs’ perceptions of their leadership and management skills and psychological empowerment were quite high, whereas scores for job satisfaction and psychosomatic health were lower. FLMs had higher values in several factors/study variables in Egypt compared with in Sweden.
Conclusion and implications The work environment, both in Egypt and Sweden, needs to be improved to increase FLMs’ job satisfaction and decrease stress. The cultural differences and levels of management have an effect on the differences between the two countries.