The relationship between social skills and early resignation in Japanese novice nurses

Authors


Yumiko Sakuma
Department of Analytical Health Science
Graduate School of Health Care Sciences
Tokyo Medical and Dental University
1-5-45 Yushima
Bunkyo-ku
Tokyo 113-8510
Japan
E-mail: yumahs@tmd.ac.jp

Abstract

niitsuma m., katsuki t., sakuma y. & sato c. (2012) Journal of Nursing Management 20, 659–667

The relationship between social skills and early resignation in Japanese novice nurses

Aim  The aim of this study was to reveal the relationship between social skills and early resignation in Japanese novice nurses.

Background  The early resignation of novice nurses has become increasingly prevalent in recent years. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between the personal sociality of novice nurses and their early resignation.

Methods  We surveyed 272 nurses with 1–3 years of experience. Instances of early resignation were studied by using a questionnaire, and their social skills were measured using Kikuchi’s Scale of Social Skills:18 items (KiSS-18), a tool developed by Kikuchi to estimate sociality.

Results  Nurses with low sociality were more likely to resign than those with higher sociality. The lack of advanced social skills was closely associated with a higher likelihood of early resignation.

Conclusion  The presence of advanced social skills appeared to potentially prevent resignation among novice nurses. Further investigation is needed to determine the causal relationship between sociality and early resignation.

Implications for nursing management  Social skills training for novice nurses may be of benefit in preventing early resignation.

Ancillary