The relationship between nurses' stress and nurse staffing factors in a hospital setting
Article first published online: 21 JUN 2011
© 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Nursing Management
Special Issue: This issue: Opportunities and challenges facing the future global nursing and midwifery workforce Issue editor: Mary Douglas
Volume 19, Issue 6, pages 714–720, September 2011
How to Cite
PURCELL, S. R., KUTASH, M. and COBB, S. (2011), The relationship between nurses' stress and nurse staffing factors in a hospital setting. Journal of Nursing Management, 19: 714–720. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2011.01262.x
- Issue published online: 7 SEP 2011
- Article first published online: 21 JUN 2011
- Accepted for publication: 28 February 2011
- acute care stress;
- job stress;
- nursing stress;
- staffing patterns
purcell s.r., kutash m. & cobb s. (2011) Journal of Nursing Management19, 714–720 The relationship between nurses' stress and nurse staffing factors in a hospital setting
Aim The present study objective was to examine the relationships between nurses’ stress and nurse staffing in a hospital setting.
Background Nurses have many job-related stressors. There is a lack of research exploring the relationship between job stressors to staffing and day of week worked.
Methods The sample consisted of registered nurses (RNs) (N = 197) providing direct patient care. Data were collected via electronic software. Variables included demographic information, work setting information, Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) scores and Nursing Stress Scale (NSS) scores. Data analysis included descriptive statistics, correlations and analysis of variance.
Results Among respondents, a positive correlation (r = 0.363, P < 0.05) was found between the NSS and PSS and between age and patient work load (i.e. number of patients the nurse cared for) (r = 0.218, P < 0.05). A negative correlation (r = −0.142, P < 0.05) existed between NSS and respondents’ age. Analysis of variance showed that younger nurses had more nursing stress than older nurses (F1,195 = 4.283, P < 0.05).
Conclusions Age, patient work load and day of the week worked are important factors affecting nurses’ stress levels.
Implications for Nursing Management Nurse managers should consider scheduling as a potential stressor for nurses.