Factors influencing intentions to stay and retention of nurse managers: a systematic review
Article first published online: 7 MAR 2012
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Nursing Management
Special Issue: This issue: Nurses' experience of the working environment Issue editor: Melanie Jasper
Volume 21, Issue 3, pages 459–472, April 2013
How to Cite
BROWN, P., FRASER, K., WONG, C. A., MUISE, M. and CUMMINGS, G. (2013), Factors influencing intentions to stay and retention of nurse managers: a systematic review. Journal of Nursing Management, 21: 459–472. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2012.01352.x
- Issue published online: 10 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 7 MAR 2012
- Accepted for publication: 3 November 2011
- intention to stay;
- nurse managers;
- systematic review;
- work/life balance
Aims This systematic review aimed to explore factors known to influence intentions to stay and retention of nurse managers in their current position.
Background Retaining staff nurses and recruiting nurses to management positions are well documented; however, there is sparse research examining factors that influence retention of nurse managers.
Evaluations Thirteen studies were identified through a systematic search of the literature. Eligibility criteria included both qualitative and quantitative studies that examined factors related to nurse manager intentions to stay and retention. Quality assessments, data extraction and analysis were completed on all studies included. Twenty-one factors were categorized into three major categories: organizational, role and personal.
Key issues Job satisfaction, organizational commitment, organizational culture and values, feelings of being valued and lack of time to complete tasks leading to work/life imbalance, were prominent across all categories.
Conclusion These findings suggest that intentions to stay and retention of nurse managers are multifactoral. However, lack of robust literature highlights the need for further research to develop strategies to retain nurse managers.
Implications for nurse management Health-care organizations and senior decision-makers should feel a responsibility to support front-line managers in relation to workload and span of control, and in understanding work/life balance issues faced by managers.