Authentic leadership, empowerment and burnout: a comparison in new graduates and experienced nurses
Article first published online: 15 APR 2012
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Nursing Management
Special Issue: This issue: Nurses' experience of the working environment Issue editor: Melanie Jasper
Volume 21, Issue 3, pages 541–552, April 2013
How to Cite
LASCHINGER, H. K. S., WONG, C. A. and GRAU, A. L. (2013), Authentic leadership, empowerment and burnout: a comparison in new graduates and experienced nurses. Journal of Nursing Management, 21: 541–552. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2012.01375.x
- Issue published online: 10 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 15 APR 2012
- Accepted for publication: 6 December 2011
- authentic leadership;
- new graduate nurses;
- structural empowerment
Aim To examine the effect of authentic leadership and structural empowerment on the emotional exhaustion and cynicism of new graduates and experienced acute-care nurses.
Background Employee empowerment is a fundamental component of healthy work environments that promote nurse health and retention, and nursing leadership is key to creating these environments.
Method In a secondary analysis of data from two studies we compared the pattern of relationships among study variables in two Ontario groups: 342 new graduates with <2 years of experience and 273 nurses with more than 2 years of experience.
Results A multi-group path analysis using Structural Equation Modelling indicated an acceptable fit of the final model (χ2 = 17.52, df = 2, P < 0.001, CFI = 0.97, IFI = 0.97 and RMSEA = 0.11). Authentic leadership significantly and negatively influenced emotional exhaustion and cynicism through workplace empowerment in both groups.
Conclusions The authentic behaviour of nursing leaders was important to nurses’ perceptions of structurally empowering conditions in their work environments, regardless of experience level, and ultimately contributed to lower levels of emotional exhaustion and cynicism.
Implications for nursing management Leadership training for nurse managers may help develop the empowering work environments required in today’s health-care organizations in order to attract and retain nurses.