Aim To implement the sterile cockpit principle to decrease interruptions and distractions during high volume medication administration and reduce the number of medication errors.
Background While some studies have described the importance of reducing interruptions as a tactic to reduce medication errors, work is needed to assess the impact on patient outcomes.
Methods Data regarding the type and frequency of distractions were collected during the first 11 weeks of implementation. Medication error rates were tracked 1 year before and after 1 year implementation.
Results Simple regression analysis showed a decrease in the mean number of distractions, (β = −0.193, P = 0.02) over time. The medication error rate decreased by 42.78% (P = 0.04) after implementation of the sterile cockpit principle.
Conclusions The use of crew resource management techniques, including the sterile cockpit principle, applied to medication administration has a significant impact on patient safety.
Implications for nursing management Applying the sterile cockpit principle to inpatient medical units is a feasible approach to reduce the number of distractions during the administration of medication, thus, reducing the likelihood of medication error. ‘Do Not Disturb’ signs and vests are inexpensive, simple interventions that can be used as reminders to decrease distractions.