Academic climate, well-being and academic performance in a university degree course




The psychological climate within organisations affects not only the behaviour and the attitude of group members, but also the performance of the group itself. According to the ecological model, this research examines how learning in different classroom contexts of the same nursing degree programme can affect academic performance, well-being, self-esteem and perceived climate.


Four scales were used to assess students’ perceptions by collecting primary data while academic performance was measured by obtaining students’ academic records. A questionnaire completed by 391 first-year nursing students was administered.


Differences were observed in the perceptions of climate and academic performance in different classroom contexts with trends, which did not always overlap; however, strong correlations were observed among self-esteem, well-being and climate, and schoolmate relationships.


Universities should not merely train competent professionals but also build learning communities that support the well-being of relationships and the development of well-being contexts.

Implications for nursing management

The findings support the need for an educational intervention for improving the quality of life and well-being of the community and individual students. This type of intervention requires a ‘compliant’ organisational environment that puts studetns, teachers and professionals in the condition to practice their professional skills.