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Common mental disorders in pregnancy in the context of interpartner violence

Authors


C. P. Almeida, Praça Francisco Sá Carneiro, 219 – 2° dto., 4200-313 Porto, Portugal, E-mail: clementinapiresdealmeida@wedocare.pt

Abstract

Accessible summary

  • • The presence of mental disorders during pregnancy in the context of interpartner violence was studied.
  • • A cross-sectional study with pregnant women of Hospital Pedro Hispano.

Abstract

Pregnancy is generally described as a period with a high incidence of common mental disorders (CMD) in the life cycle of many women who incur the risk of developing mental problems including depression, post-traumatic stress and drug abuse. Our objective with this study was to gauge how the presence of violence in Portuguese pregnant women affected their psychopathology. One hundred and eighty-four pregnant outpatients of the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department of the Hospital Pedro Hispano in Matosinhos, Oporto, Portugal with an average age of 29 and in their last 3 months of pregnancy were the subjects of this study. These participants were divided into two groups: one of abused women (n= 107) and another of non-abused women (n= 77). In order to be able to compare them, both groups were assessed with the Conflict Tactic Scale 2, the Brief Symptom Inventory and the Inventory of the Clinical Evaluation of Depression. It was observed that pregnant women who had suffered violence during pregnancy exhibited some form of CMD during pregnancy. Another important finding was the evidence of the negative impacts that domestic violence had on the mental health of women.

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