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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of morphine and morphine-6-glucuronide (M-6-G) following morphine administered intravenously and orally to dogs in a randomized crossover design. Six healthy 3–4-year-old Beagle dogs were administered morphine sulfate (0.5 mg/kg) as an i.v. bolus and extended release tablets were administered orally as whole tablets (1.6 ± 0.1 mg/kg) in a randomized crossover design. Plasma concentrations of morphine and M-6-G were determined using high-pressure liquid chromatography and electrochemical coulometric detection. Following i.v. administration all dogs exhibited dysphoria and sedation, and four or six dogs vomited. Mean ± SE values for half-life, apparent volume of distribution, and clearance after i.v. administration were 1.16 ± 0.15 h, 4.55 ± 0.17 L/kg, and 62.46 ± 10.44 mL/min/kg, respectively. One dog vomited following oral administration and was excluded from the oral analysis. Oral bioavailability was 5% as determined from naïve-averaged analysis. The M-6-G was not detected in any plasma samples following oral or i.v. administration of morphine at a 25 ng/mL the limit of quantification. Computer simulations concluded morphine sulfate administered 0.5 mg/kg intravenously every 2 h would maintain morphine plasma concentrations consistent with analgesic plasma concentrations in humans. Oral morphine is poorly and erratically absorbed in dogs.