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Pharmacokinetics of ofloxacin in broiler chicken

Authors


Dr P. Sriram, Associate Professor, Department of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, Madras Veterinary College, Chennai 600 007, Tamil Nadu, India. E-mail: srishravan@yahoo.com

Abstract

Pharmacokinetics of ofloxacin, a fluoroquinolone antimicrobial agent, was determined in broiler chickens after intravenous or oral administration of a single dose (10 mg/kg). Ofloxacin concentrations in plasma were determined using a high-performance liquid chromatography assay. Plasma concentration profiles were analyzed by the noncompartmental method. Elimination half-life and mean residence time of ofloxacin in plasma were 4.46 and 5.48 h after intravenous administration and 5.85 and 7.43 h, respectively, after oral administration. Maximal plasma concentration of 3.65 μg/mL was achieved at 1.25 h after oral administration. Apparent volume of distribution of 1.76 and 2.16 L/kg and total body clearance of 4.96 and 4.5 mL/min/kg were obtained following intravenous and oral administration, respectively. The oral bioavailability of ofloxacin was 110.01%. Ofloxacin was found to be more rapidly absorbed, widely distributed and more quickly eliminated than other fluoroquinolones in broilers. Based on these kinetic parameters, a dosage of 10 mg/kg given orally every 24 h can be recommended for the treatment of bacterial infections with MIC90 < 0.3 μg/mL.

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