Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of ramipril and ramiprilat in healthy cats

Authors


  • Intervet is a part of Schering-Plough Corporation.

L. J. I. Horspool, Intervet International bv, International Marketing, PO Box 31, 5830 AA Boxmeer, the Netherlands. E-mail: linda.franken-horspool@intervet.com

Abstract

The pharmacokinetics of ramipril and its active metabolite, ramiprilat, was determined in cats following single and repeated oral doses of ramipril (Vasotop® tablets) (once daily for 9 days) at dose rates of 0.125, 0.25, 0.5 and 1.0 mg/kg. The pharmacodynamic effects were assessed by measuring plasma angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity. Maximum ramipril concentrations were attained within 30 min following a single dose and declined rapidly (concentrations were below the limit of quantification 4 h after treatment). Peak ramiprilat concentrations were detected at approximately 1.5 h. The apparent terminal half-life (t½β) was ≥20 h irrespective of the dose. Ramiprilat accumulated in plasma (ratio of accumulation 1.3 to 1.9 depending on the dose rate) following repeated administration. Steady-state conditions were attained after the second dose. Excretion was predominant in faeces (87%) and to a lesser extent in urine (11%). The rate and extent of absorption of ramipril as well as its conversion to ramiprilat were not significantly influenced by the presence of food in the gastrointestinal tract. Plasma-ACE activity was almost completely abolished 0.5–2.0 h after treatment, irrespective of the dose rate. Significant inhibition of ACE activity of 54.7 to 82.6% (depending on the dosage) was still present 24 h after treatment. Treatment was well-tolerated in all cats. Ramipril at a dose rate of 0.125 mg/kg once daily produces significant and long-lasting inhibition of ACE activity in healthy cats. The appropriateness of this dosage regime needs to be confirmed in diseased cats.

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