Nonlinear mixed effects pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic analysis of the anticonvulsant ameltolide (LY201116) in a canine seizure model


Paul R. Territo, Lilly Center for Molecular and Anatomical Imaging, Lilly Research Laboratories, A Division(s) of Eli Lilly and Company, 2001 W. Main Street, Greenfield, IN 46140, USA. E-mail:


The anticonvulsant ameltolide (LY201116) is a novel potential therapy for the treatment of canine epilepsy. Eight dogs were administered five different oral doses of ameltolide and clinical scoring of the maximal electroshock (MES) induced seizures at 3 and 24 h postdosing were determined in two separate crossover design studies. Plasma ameltolide concentrations were determined at the time of seizures in all dogs and complete plasma concentration-time profiles were also determined in a separate study. A nonlinear mixed effects PK/PD model was fit to the resulting data. A one compartment open model with first order absorption was determined to best fit the ameltolide pharmacokinetics. An effect compartment with a cumulative logistic regression equation was used to establish the PK/PD relationship. The mean bioavailability normalized volume of distribution and the elimination half-life were estimated at 1.20 L/kg and 5.46 h, respectively. The fitted model estimated that from 2 to 15 h following a single 3 mg/kg oral ameltolide dose the mean probability of obtaining a 1 unit reduction in the seizure clinical score severity was greater than 0.80. The utilized PK/PD analysis combined with the canine MES model allowed for the rapid and efficient determination of the plasma ameltolide concentration-anticonvulsant relationship preclinically in dogs.