McClure, S., Sibert, G., Hallberg, J, Bade, D. Efficacy of a 2-dose regimen of a sustained release ceftiofur suspension in horses with Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus bronchopneumonia. J. vet. Pharmacol. Therap.34, 442–447.

The efficacy and safety of sustained release ceftiofur administered twice, 4 days apart, for treatment of horses with naturally acquired Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus (Strep. zoo.) pneumonia was evaluated in a multicenter, placebo-controlled, double-blinded, randomized clinical trial. The study included 373 horses (278 treated and 95 placebos) with naturally acquired pneumonia. Inclusion in the statistical analyses for treatment efficacy for Strep. zoo. required recovery of ≥104 CFU/mL of Strep. zoo. on the primary isolation plate which resulted in 201 cases (145 treated and 56 placebos) with confirmed Strep. zoo. pneumonia evaluable for treatment success. Therapeutic success was defined by clinical improvement of lower respiratory tract infection at 4 and 9 days after initial dosing, resolution of clinical signs by 15 days, and no recurrence by 25 days. Of the 278 treated horses, 239 (85.9%) completed the 25 day study without additional therapy compared to 50 of the 95 (53.6%) placebo horses. In confirmed Strep. zoo. cases, a clinical cure was achieved in 66.9% of 145 treated horses compared to 32.1% of 56 placebo horses (P = 0.0286). Two doses of sustained release ceftiofur suspension were effective and safe in the treatment of naturally acquired lower respiratory tract infection associated with Strep. zoo. in horses under field use conditions.