Pharmacokinetics and milk secretion of gabapentin and meloxicam co-administered orally in Holstein-Friesian cows

Authors


Ronette Gehring, Department of Clinical Sciences, Q-214 Mosier Hall, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA. E-mail: rgehring@vet.k-state.edu

Abstract

Malreddy, P. R., Coetzee, J. F., KuKanich, B., Gehring, R. Pharmacokinetics and milk secretion of gabapentin and meloxicam co-administered orally in Holstein-Friesian cows. J. vet. Pharmacol. Therap. 36, 14–20.

Management of neuropathic pain in dairy cattle could be achieved by combination therapy of gabapentin, a GABA analog and meloxicam, an nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. This study was designed to determine specifically the depletion of these drugs into milk. Six animals received meloxicam at 1 mg/kg and gabapentin at 10 mg/kg, while another group (n = 6) received meloxicam at 1 mg/kg and gabapentin at 20 mg/kg. Plasma and milk drug concentrations were determined over 7 days postadministration by HPLC/MS followed by noncompartmental pharmacokinetic analyses. The mean (±SD) plasma Cmax and Tmax for meloxicam (2.89 ± 0.48 μg/mL and 11.33 ± 4.12 h) were not much different from gabapentin at 10 mg/kg (2.87 ± 0.2 μg/mL and 8 ± 0 h). The mean (±SD) milk Cmax for meloxicam (0.41 ± 80.16 μg/mL) was comparable to gabapentin at 10 mg/kg (0.63 ± 0.13 μg/mL and 12 ± 6.69 h). The mean plasma and milk Cmax for gabapentin at 20 mg/kg P.O. were almost double the values at 10 mg/kg. The mean (±SD) milk to plasma ratio for meloxicam (0.14 ± 0.04) was lower than for gabapentin (0.23 ± 0.06). The results of this study suggest that milk from treated cows will have low drug residue concentration soon after plasma drug concentrations have fallen below effective levels.

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