Summary. A mammalian expression vector comprised of the PreS2-TLM (translocation motif), a single-chain variable fragment (ScFv) that binds to hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and the EGFP gene was constructed. A stably transformed cell line that could express and secrete the fusion protein (PreS2-TLM-ScFv-EGFP) was established. HBsAg-positive HepG2.2.15 cells and HepG2 and HeLa cells were incubated with the supernatant of the transformed cell line cultures for evaluating the cellular permeability of PreS2-TLM-ScFv-EGFP. The location of the fusion protein PreS2-TLM-ScFv-EGFP in HepG2.2.15 cells was observed with immunofluorescence staining. EGFP was next replaced by a dominant negative mutant of the hepatitis B virus core gene (HBcDN) for producing fusion protein PreS2-TLM-ScFv-HBcDN, which was detected by western blot. The supernatant containing fusion protein PreS2-TLM-ScFv-HBcDN was added to the cultures of HepG2.2.15 cells, and the packaged hepatitis B virus (HBV) pregenomic RNA expression levels in the cells were measured using qRT-PCR. The results of the in vitro study indicated that the packaged HBV pregenomic RNA expression levels in HepG2.2.15 cells significantly decreased when these cells were exposed to the supernatant at the dose of 25% for 24, 48 and 72 h, or at the dose of 12.5% for 72 h.