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Use of a crude extract or purified antigen from first-instar cattle grubs, Hypoderma lineatum, for the detection of anti-Hypoderma antibodies in free-ranging cervids from southern Spain

Authors

  • R. PANADERO,

    Corresponding author
    1. Parasitología y Enfermedades Parasitarias, Departimento Patología Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Lugo, Spain
      Rosario Panadero, Parasitología y Enfermedades Parasitarias, Departamento Patología Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 27002 Lugo, Spain. Tel.: +34 82 252231; Fax: +34 82 252195; E-mail: rosario.panadero@usc.es
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  • C. MARTÍNEZ-CARRASCO,

    1. Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, Spain
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  • L. LEÓN-VIZCAÍNO,

    1. Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, Spain
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  • C. LÓPEZ,

    1. Parasitología y Enfermedades Parasitarias, Departimento Patología Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Lugo, Spain
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  • P. DÍEZ-BAÑOS,

    1. Parasitología y Enfermedades Parasitarias, Departimento Patología Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Lugo, Spain
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  • M. P. MORRONDO,

    1. Parasitología y Enfermedades Parasitarias, Departimento Patología Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Lugo, Spain
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  • F. ALONSO

    1. Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, Spain
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Rosario Panadero, Parasitología y Enfermedades Parasitarias, Departamento Patología Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 27002 Lugo, Spain. Tel.: +34 82 252231; Fax: +34 82 252195; E-mail: rosario.panadero@usc.es

Abstract

During the 2003–2005 hunting seasons, a total of 120 Cervidae, including 39 red deer (Cervus elaphus hispanicus) and 81 fallow deer (Dama dama), were examined for subcutaneous myiasis. Animals were shot from January to June in southern Spain. Specific antibodies against Hypodermatinae (Diptera: Oestridae) were detected by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (iELISA) using a crude larval extract (CLE) and a purified antigen [hypodermin C (HC)] obtained from first instars of Hypoderma lineatum (De Villers) (Diptera: Oestridae). Hypoderma actaeon Brauer was the only species detected in this study, which represents the first confirmation of this species in fallow deer from Spain. The overall prevalence of animals presenting subcutaneous larvae (14.2%) was considerably lower than the prevalences determined by iELISA with CLE (43.3%) and HC (40.0%). Red deer showed a higher prevalence of Hypoderma than fallow deer. The concordance between larval examination during the hunting season and iELISA using both antigens was low, whereas the concordance between the CLE and HC ELISAs was good. Larval antigens obtained from H. lineatum constitute a good tool for the diagnosis of H. actaeon in Cervidae, especially when the hunting season does not coincide with the maximum presence of larvae on the back.

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