Physiology and development of the M and S molecular forms of Anopheles gambiae in Burkina Faso (West Africa)
Article first published online: 11 JUN 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Medical and Veterinary Entomology © 2012 The Royal Entomological Society
Medical and Veterinary Entomology
Volume 26, Issue 4, pages 447–454, December 2012
How to Cite
MOULINE, K., MAMAI, W., AGNEW, P., TCHONFIENET, M., BRENGUES, C., DABIRE, R., ROBERT, V. and SIMARD, F. (2012), Physiology and development of the M and S molecular forms of Anopheles gambiae in Burkina Faso (West Africa). Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 26: 447–454. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2915.2012.01018.x
- Issue published online: 29 NOV 2012
- Article first published online: 11 JUN 2012
- Accepted 18 March 2012
- Anopheles gambiae;
- nutritional reserves;
- ovarian development;
- size-corrected weight;
In West Africa, M and S molecular forms of Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto (Diptera: Culicidae) Giles, frequently occur together, although with different population bionomics. The S form typically breeds in rain-dependant water collections and is present during the rainy season only whereas the M form can thrive all year long in areas with permanent breeding opportunities. In the present study, we explored physiological and developmental trade-offs at play in laboratory colonies and field populations of the M and S forms that originated from an area of sympatry in Burkina Faso, where M and S larvae exhibit such habitat segregation. In the laboratory, larvae of the M form developed slower than the S form (mean values 9.51 and 8.85 days, respectively, Wilcoxon's test, P < 0.001).
Although wing length and dry weight at emergence showed large variations, M females were on average 8% heavier than S females of similar wing length. Higher nutritional reserves (proteins and lipids) in teneral adults explained part of this weight difference, reflecting a better ability of the M form to garner resources at the larval stage. Furthermore, a higher rate of ovarian maturation was observed in the M form after a single bloodmeal. The relevance of these findings for parasite transmission is discussed.