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Field evaluations of disposable sticky lures for surveillance of Aedes aegypti (Stegomyia aegypti) and Culex quinquefasciatus in Jakarta

Authors

  • B. H. KAY,

    Corresponding author
    • Mosquito Control Laboratory, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Royal Brisbane Hospital, Brisbane, Qld, Australia
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  • M. D. BROWN,

    1. Mosquito Control Laboratory, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Royal Brisbane Hospital, Brisbane, Qld, Australia
    2. Australian Wholesale Chemical Technologies, Brisbane, Qld, Australia
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  • Z. SITI,

    1. Communicable Diseases Control and Environmental Health, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia
    2. Eijkman Institute for Molecular Biology, Jakarta, Indonesia
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  • M. J. BANGS

    1. Department of Entomology, U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2, Jakarta, Indonesia
    2. Public Health and Malaria Control, PT Freeport Indonesia, Kuala Kencana, Papua, Indonesia
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Brian H. Kay, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Royal Brisbane Hospital, Brisbane, Qld 4006, Australia. Tel.: +61 7 3362 0350; Fax: + 61 7 3362 0106; E-mail: brian.kay@qimr.edu.au

Abstract

From December 1997 to April 1998, disposable sticky lures (1608 lure days) were trialled in homes in north Jakarta, Indonesia as surveillance tools for Aedes aegypti (Stegomyia aegypti) (Diptera: Culicidae) and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae), referenced to indoor resting adult collections (92 × 10 min). The lures collected 89.4% of the total of 1339 Ae. aegypti and 92.1% of the total of 1272 Cx. quinquefasciatus collected by all methods. Because there were no significant differences with respect to numbers collected in bedrooms, living rooms and kitchens, bedrooms were selected for subsequent trials for reasons of convenience. The main trials involved a replicated complete block design with L-lysine and sodium carbonate. Lures without attractant or with four different dilutions of L-lysine collected 3.4–8.5 times more Ae. aegypti and 4.2–8.1 times more Cx. quinquefasciatus than were collected by mouth aspirator. Lures with or without dilutions of sodium carbonate collected 2.7–5.0 times more Ae. aegypti and 1.8–4.2 times more Cx. quinquefasciatus than aspirator collections. The precision associated with catches of sticky lures was better than that for aspirator collections. Although olfactants generally improved the numbers of mosquitoes collected, the differences in catch between lures with and without attractants were usually non-significant. Any deficit in catch may be offset by increasing the surveillance period to ≥30 days to detect all four dengue serotypes from infected mosquitoes.

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