Optimal sequencing of bedside teaching and computer-based learning: a randomised trial
Article first published online: 20 JAN 2009
© Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2009
Volume 43, Issue 2, pages 108–112, February 2009
How to Cite
Hull, P., Chaudry, A., Prasthofer, A. and Pattison, G. (2009), Optimal sequencing of bedside teaching and computer-based learning: a randomised trial. Medical Education, 43: 108–112. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2923.2008.03261.x
- Issue published online: 20 JAN 2009
- Article first published online: 20 JAN 2009
- Received 15 December 2007; editorial comments to authors 27 June 2008; accepted for publication 2 September 2008
- randomised controlled trial [publication type];
- computer-assisted instruction/*methods;
- education, medical, undergraduate/*methods;
- *point of care systems;
- physical examination;
- personal satisfaction;
- students, medical/*psychology
Objectives We aimed to establish the most effective order in which to deliver teaching to medical students when using both bedside teaching (BT) and computer-based learning (CBL) and to ascertain the students’ preferred method and order of delivery.
Methods A sample of 28 medical students were randomly divided into two equal groups during their orthopaedic knee examination teaching session. Group 1 received standard BT and group 2 undertook a CBL package. Each group then undertook an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). The groups then received the other method of teaching followed by another OSCE. A questionnaire was administered to all students to assess their views on, and preferences for, the various teaching methods.
Results Mean scores on the first OSCE were 12.19 for group 1 (BT then CBL) and 11.96 for group 2 (CBL then BT) (P = 0.692). Mean scores on the second OSCE were 11.81 for group 1 compared with 12.79 for group 2 (P = 0.038). Statistical analysis showed a significantly better score improvement for group 2 (CBL then BT) over group 1 (BT then CBL). Of the 26 students who returned questionnaires, 24 (92%) expressed their preference for traditional BT over CBL only, and 23 (88%) were in favour of undertaking CBL prior to traditional BT.
Conclusions The CBL package is a useful tool and is most effective if used before BT. Students prefer BT alone over CBL alone, but, if offered both, prefer to undertake CBL first.