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Keywords:

  • gene transfer;
  • GMM detection;
  • phyllosphere pseudomonads

Abstract

A plasmid-free, non-pathogenic, ribosomal RNA group 1 fluorescent pseudomonad, Pseudomonas fluorescens SBW25, was selected from the microflora of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) and modified to contain constitutively expressed marker genes. By site directed homologous recombination a KX cassette [kanamycin resistance (kanτ) and catechol 2,3 dioxygenase (xylE)] and a ZY cassette [lactose utilization (lacZY, β-galactosidase, lactose permease)] were introduced at least 1 Mbp apart on the 6.6 Mbp bacterial chromosome. Separate sites were selected to provide sensitive detection methods and allow assessments of marker gene stability of the genetically modified micro-organism (GMM), SBW25EeZY6KX, when it colonized the leaves and roots of sugar beet plants following seed inoculation.