Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) form a mutualistic symbiosis with plant roots and are found in most ecosystems. In this study the community structure of AMF in a clade of the genus Glomus was examined in undisturbed costal grassland using LSU rDNA sequences amplified from roots of Hieracium pilosella. Roots were sampled from May to November along eight 30-m transects, 30–120 m apart. Phylogenetic analysis of the sequences revealed 11 phylogenetic clusters within the clade of Glomus. The phylogenetic clusters were patchily distributed within the area; time had no influence on the distribution pattern. The dominant cluster covered up to 10 m along the transect, whereas other clusters formed what can be interpreted as small individual mycelia. Four of the phylogenetic clusters included known species; the other clusters, including the dominant sequence types, were unknown. The dominant phylogenetic cluster enclosed nine haplotypes, and analyses of genetic diversity of this phylogenetic cluster showed that the total diversity could be found within single root fragments, suggesting that the multiple sequences were derived from a single individual.