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A powerful regression-based method for admixture mapping of isolation across the genome of hybrids

Authors

  • ZACHARIAH GOMPERT,

    1. Department of Botany and Program in Ecology, University of Wyoming, Department 3165, 1000 E. University Ave., Laramie, WY 82071, USA
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  • C. ALEX BUERKLE

    1. Department of Botany and Program in Ecology, University of Wyoming, Department 3165, 1000 E. University Ave., Laramie, WY 82071, USA
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C. Alex Buerkle, Fax: 307-766-2851; E-mail: buerkle@uwyo.edu

Abstract

We propose a novel method that uses natural admixture between divergent lineages (hybridization) to investigate the genetic architecture of reproductive isolation and adaptive introgression. Our method employs multinomial regression to estimate genomic clines and to quantify introgression for individual loci relative to the genomic background (clines in genotype frequency along a genomic admixture gradient). Loci with patterns of introgression that deviate significantly from null expectations based on the remainder of the genome are potentially subject to selection and thus of interest to understanding adaptation and the evolution of reproductive isolation. Using simulations, we show that different forms of selection modify these genomic clines in predictable ways and that our method has good power to detect moderate to strong selection for multiple forms of selection. Using individual-based simulations, we demonstrate that our method generally has a low false positive rate, except when genetic drift is particularly pronounced (e.g. low population size, low migration rates from parental populations, and substantial time since initial admixture). Additional individual-based simulations reveal that moderate selection against heterozygotes can be detected as much as 50 cm away from the focal locus directly experiencing selection, but is not detected at unlinked loci. Finally, we apply our analytical method to previously published data sets from a mouse (Mus musculus and M. domesticus) and two sunflower (Helianthus petiolaris and H. annuus) hybrid zones. This method should be applicable to numerous species that are currently the focus of research in evolution and ecology and should help bring about new insights regarding the processes underlying the origin and maintenance of biological diversity.

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