SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Alberts SC (1999) Paternal kin discrimination in wild baboons. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B, 266, 15011506.
  • Alberts SC, Buchan JC, Altmann J (2006) Sexual selection in wild baboons: from mating opportunities to paternity success. Animal Behaviour, 72, 11771196.
  • Altmann SA, Altmann J (2003) The transformation of field studies. Animal Behaviour, 65, 413423.
  • Baker PJ, Funk SM, Bruford MW, Harris S (2004) Polygynandry in a red fox population: implications for the evolution of group living in canids? Behavioral Ecology, 15, 766778.
  • Barrett L, Henzi SP, Weingrill T, Lycett JE, Hill RA (1999) Market forces predict grooming reciprocity in female baboons. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences, 266, 665670.
  • Barthelemy M, Barrat A, Pastor-Satorras R, Vespignani A (2005) Characterization and modeling of weighted networks. Physica A - Statistical Mechanics and Its Applications, 346, 3443.
  • Boydston EE, Morelli TL, Holekamp KE (2001) Sex differences in territorial behavior exhibited by the spotted hyena (Hyaenidae, Crocuta crocuta). Ethology, 107, 369385.
  • Boydston EE, Kapheim KM, Szykman M, Holekamp KE (2003a) Individual variation in space utilization by female spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta). Journal of Mammalogy, 84, 10061018.
  • Boydston EE, Kapheim KM, Watts HE, Szykman M, Holekamp KE (2003b) Altered behaviour in a large African carnivore associated with increased human activity. Animal Conservation, 6, 110.
  • Boydston EE, Kapheim KM, Van Horn RC, Smale L, Holekamp KE (2005) Sexually dimorphic patterns of space use throughout ontogeny in the spotted hyaena (Crocuta crocuta). Journal of Zoology, London, 267, 271281.
  • Bradley BJ, Robbins MM, Williamson EA et al. (2005) Mountain gorilla tug-of-war: Silverbacks have limited control over reproduction in multimale groups. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 102, 94189423.
  • Buchan JC, Alberts SC, Silk JB, Altmann J (2003) True paternal care in a multi-male primate society. Nature, 425, 179181.
  • Cairns SJ, Schwager SJ (1987) A comparison of association indices. Animal Behaviour, 35, 14541469.
  • Caro T (1994) Cheetahs of the Serengeti Plains. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.
  • Clutton-Brock TH (1988) Reproductive Success: Studies of Individual Variation in Contrasting Breeding Systems. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.
  • Clutton-Brock TH, Sheldon BC (2010) Individuals and populations: the role of long-term, individual-based studies of animals in ecology and evolutionary biology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 25, 562573.
  • Cooper SM (1989) Clan sizes of spotted hyaenas in the Savuti Region of the Chobe National Park, Botswana. Botswana Notes and Records, 21, 121131.
  • Cooper SM, Holekamp KE, Smale L (1999) A seasonal feast: long-term analysis of feeding behavior in the spotted hyaena, Crocuta crocuta (Erxleben). African Journal of Ecology, 37, 149160.
  • Cooper J, Waser P, Hellgren E, Gabor T, DeWoody JA (2011) Is sexual monomorphism a predictor of polygynandry? Evidence from a social mammal, the collared peccary. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 65, 775785.
  • Crespi BJ, Yanega D (1995) The definition of eusociality. Behavioral Ecology, 6, 109115.
  • Croft DP, Krause J, James R (2004) Social networks in the guppy (Poecilia reticulata). Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B, 271, S516S519.
  • Croft DP, James R, Krause J (2008) Exploring Animal Social Networks, Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.
  • Di Fiore A (2003) Molecular genetic approaches to the study of primate behavior, social organization, and reproduction. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, 46, 6299.
  • Dloniak SM, French JA, Holekamp KE (2006) Faecal androgen concentrations in adult male spotted hyaenas, Crocuta crocuta, reflect interactions with socially dominant females. Animal Behaviour, 71, 2737.
  • Drea CM, Frank LG (2003) The social complexity of spotted hyenas. In:Animal Social Complexity: Intelligence, Culture, and Individualized Societies (eds de Waal FBM, Tyack PL). pp. 121148, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • Dubuc C, Muniz L, Heistermann M, Engelhardt A, Widdig A (2011) Testing the priority-of-access model in a seasonally breeding primate species. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 64, 16151627.
  • Dugdale HL, Macdonald DW, Pope LC, Johnson PJ, Burke T (2008) Reproductive skew and relatedness in social groups of European badgers, Meles meles. Molecular Ecology, 17, 18151827.
  • East ML, Hofer H (2001) Male spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta) queue for status in social groups dominated by females. Behavioral Ecology, 12, 558568.
  • East ML, Hofer H, Wickler W (1993) The erect ‘penis’ as a flag of submission in a female-dominated society: greetings in Serengeti spotted hyenas. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 33, 355370.
  • East ML, Burke T, Wilhelm K, Greig C, Hofer H (2003) Sexual conflicts in spotted hyenas: male and female mating tactics and their reproductive outcome with respect to age, social status and tenure. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B, 270, 12471254.
  • East ML, Höner OP, Wachter B et al. (2009) Maternal effects on offspring social status in spotted hyenas. Behavioral Ecology, 20, 478483.
  • Engh AL, Esch K, Smale L, Holekamp KE (2000) Mechanisms of maternal rank ‘inheritance’ in the spotted hyaena, Crocuta crocuta. Animal Behaviour, 60, 323332.
  • Engh AL, Funk SM, Van Horn RC et al. (2002) Reproductive skew among males in a female-dominated mammalian society. Behavioral Ecology, 13, 193200.
  • Engh AL, Siebert ER, Greenberg DA, Holekamp KE (2005) Patterns of alliance formation and postconflict aggression indicates spotted hyaenas recognize third-party relationships. Animal Behaviour, 69, 209217.
  • Faith JT, Behrensmeyer AK (2006) Changing patterns of carnivore modification in a landscape bone assemblage, Amboseli Park, Kenya. Journal of Archaeological Science, 33, 17181733.
  • Frank LG (1983) Reproduction and intra-sexual dominance in the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley.
  • Frank LG (1986) Social organization of the spotted hyaena (Crocuta crocuta). II. Dominance and reproduction. Animal Behaviour, 34, 15101527.
  • Frank LG (1997) Evolution of genital masculinization: Why do females have such a large ‘penis’? Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 12, 5862.
  • Frank LG, Glickman SE, Powch I (1990) Sexual dimorphism in the spotted hyaena (Crocuta crocuta). Journal of Zoology, London, 221, 308313.
  • Frank LG, Holekamp KE, Smale L (1995) Dominance, demography, and reproductive success of female spotted hyenas. In:Serengeti II: Dynamics, Management, and Conservation of an Ecosystem (eds Sinclair ARE, Arcese P). pp. 364384, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois.
  • Gasaway WC, Mossestad KT, Stander PE (1989) Demography of spotted hyaenas in an arid savanna, Etosha National Park, South West Africa/Namibia. Madoqua, 16, 121127.
  • Glickman SE, Frank LG, Pavgi S, Licht P (1992) Hormonal correlates of ‘masculinization’ in female spotted hyaenas (Crocuta crocuta). 1. Infancy to sexual maturity. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, 95, 451462.
  • Griffin AS, Pemberton JM, Brotherton PNM et al. (2003) A genetic analysis of breeding success in the cooperative meerkat (Suricata suricatta). Behavioral Ecology, 14, 472480.
  • Hamilton WJ, Tilson RT, Frank LG (1986) Sexual monomorphism in spotted hyenas, Crocuta crocuta. Ethology, 71, 6373.
  • Hayward MW (2006) Prey preferences of the spotted hyaena (Crocuta crocuta) and degree of dietary overlap with the lion (Panthera leo). Journal of Zoology, London, 270, 606614.
  • Henschel JR, Skinner JD (1987) Social relationships and dispersal patterns in a clan of spotted hyaenas Crocuta crocuta in the Kruger National Park. South African Journal of Zoology, 22, 1824.
  • Henzi SP, Lusseau D, Weingrill T, van Schaik CP, Barrett L (2009) Cyclicity in the structure of female baboon social networks. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 63, 10151021.
  • Hoelzel AR, Le Boeuf BJ, Reiter J, Campagna C (1999) Alpha-male paternity in elephant seals. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 46, 298306.
  • Hofer H, East ML (1993a) The commuting system of Serengeti spotted hyaenas: how a predator copes with migratory prey. I. Social organization. Animal Behaviour, 46, 547557.
  • Hofer H, East ML (1993b) The commuting system of Serengeti spotted hyaenas: how a predator copes with migratory prey. II. Intrusion pressure and commuter’s space use. Animal Behaviour, 46, 559574.
  • Hofer H, East ML (1993c) The commuting system of Serengeti spotted hyaenas: how a predator copes with migratory prey. III. Attendance and maternal care. Animal Behaviour, 46, 575589.
  • Hofer H, East ML (1996) The components of parental care and their fitness consequences: a life history perspective. Verhandlungen der Deutschen Zoologischen Gesellschaft, 89, 149164.
  • Hofer H, East ML (2003) Behavioral processes and costs of co-existence in female spotted hyenas: a life history perspective. Evolutionary Ecology, 17, 315331.
  • Hogg J, Forbes S, Steele B, Luikart G (2006) Genetic rescue of an insular population of large mammals. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B, 273, 14911499.
  • Holekamp KE, Dloniak SM (2010) Intra-specific variation in the behavioural ecology of a tropical carnivore, the spotted hyena. Advances in the Study of Behavio,r, 42, 189229.
  • Holekamp KE, Engh AL (2009) Reproductive skew in female-dominated mammalian societies. In:Reproductive Skew in Vertebrates (eds Hager R, Jones CB). pp. 5383, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Holekamp KE, Smale L (1991) Dominance acquisition during mammalian social development: the “inheritance” of maternal rank. American Zoologist, 31, 306317.
  • Holekamp KE, Smale L (1993) Ontogeny of dominance in free-living spotted hyaenas: juvenile rank relations with other immature individuals. Animal Behaviour, 46, 451466.
  • Holekamp KE, Smale L (1998) Behavioral development in the spotted hyena. BioScience, 48, 9971005.
  • Holekamp KE, Smale L (2000) Feisty females and meek males: reproductive strategies in the spotted hyena. In:Reproduction in Context (eds Wallen K, Schneider JE). pp. 257285, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.
  • Holekamp KE, Ogutu JO, Frank LG, Dublin HT, Smale L (1993) Fission of a spotted hyena clan: consequences of female absenteeism and causes of female emigration. Ethology, 93, 285299.
  • Holekamp KE, Smale L, Szykman M (1996) Rank and reproduction in the female spotted hyaena. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, 108, 229237.
  • Holekamp KE, Cooper SM, Katona KI, Berry NA, Frank LG, Smale L (1997a) Patterns of association among female spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta). Journal of Mammalogy, 78, 5564.
  • Holekamp KE, Smale L, Berg R, Cooper SM (1997b) Hunting rates and hunting success in the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta). Journal of Zoology, London, 242, 115.
  • Holekamp KE, Szykman M, Boydston EE, Smale L (1999) Association of seasonal reproductive patterns with changing food availability in an equatorial carnivore, the spotted hyaena (Crocuta crocuta). Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, 116, 8793.
  • Holekamp KE, Sakai ST, Lundrigan BL (2007) Social intelligence in the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London B, 362, 523538.
  • Höner OP, Wachter B, East ML, Runyoro VA, Hofer H (2005) The effect of prey abundance and foraging tactics on the population dynamics of a social, territorial carnivore, the spotted hyena. Oikos, 108, 544554.
  • Höner OP, Wachter B, East ML et al. (2007) Female mate-choice drives the evolution of male-biased dispersal in a social mammal. Nature, 448, 798801.
  • Höner OP, Wachter B, Hofer H et al. (2010) The fitness of dispersing spotted hyaena sons is influenced by maternal social status. Nature Communications, 1, 60. doi 10.1038/ncomms1059.
  • James R, Croft DP, Krause J (2009) Potential banana skins in animal social network analysis. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 63, 989997.
  • Keller LF, Jeffery KJ, Arcese P et al. (2001) Immigration and the ephemerality of a natural population bottleneck: evidence from molecular markers. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B, 268, 13871394.
  • Kolowski JM, Holekamp KE (2009) Ecological and anthropogenic influences on space use by spotted hyaenas (Crocuta crocuta). Journal of Zoology, London, 277, 2336.
  • Kolowski JM, Katan D, Theis KR, Holekamp KE (2007) Daily patterns of activity in the spotted hyena. Journal of Mammalogy, 88, 10171028.
  • Krause J, Croft D, James R (2007) Social network theory in the behavioural sciences: potential applications. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 62, 1527.
  • Kruuk H (1972) The spotted hyena: a study of predation and social behavior. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois.
  • Kruuk LEB, Clutton-Brock TH, Slate J et al. (2000) Heritability of fitness in a wild mammal population. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 97, 698703.
  • Lukas D, Reynolds V, Boesch C, Vigilant L (2005) To what extent does living in a group mean living with kin? Molecular Ecology, 14, 21812196.
  • Martin P, Bateson P (1986) Measuring behaviour: an introductory guide. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • McPherson M, Smith-Lovin L, Cook JM (2001) Birds of a feather: Homophily in social networks. Annual Review of Sociology, 27, 415444.
  • Mills MGL (1990) Kalahari Hyaenas: Comparative Behavioral Ecology of Two Species. Unwin Hyman, London.
  • Mills MGL, Hofer H (1998) Hyaenas: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC, Hyaena Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland.
  • Muniz L, Perry S, Manson JH, Gilkenson H, Gros-Louis J, Vigilant L (2010) Male dominance and reproductive success in wild white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus) at Lomas Barbudal, Costa Rica. American Journal of Primatology, 72, 11181130.
  • Naug D (2008) Structure of the social network and its influence on transmission dynamics in a honeybee colony. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 62, 17191725.
  • Newman MEJ (2003a) Mixing patterns in a network. Physical Review E, 67, 026126.
  • Newman MEJ (2003b) The structure and function of complex networks. SIAM Review, 45, 167256.
  • Noë R., Hammerstein P (1994) Biological markets: supply and demand determine the effect of partner choice in cooperation, mutualism and mating. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 35, 111.
  • Nonacs P (2000) Measuring and using skew in the study of social behavior and evolution. American Naturalist, 156, 577589.
  • Nonacs P (2003) Measuring the reliability of skew indices: is there one best index? Animal Behaviour, 65, 615627.
  • Pangle WM, Holekamp KE (2010) Lethal and non-lethal anthropogenic effects on spotted hyenas in the Masai Mara National Reserve. Journal of Mammalogy, 91, 154164.
  • Pusey AE, Packer C (1987) The evolution of sex-biased dispersal in lions. Behaviour, 101, 275310.
  • Queller DC, Goodnight KF (1989) Estimating relatedness using genetic markers. Evolution, 43, 258275.
  • Rice WR (1989) Analyzing tables of statistical tests. Evolution, 43, 223225.
  • Rossiter SJ, Ransome RD, Faulkes CG, Dawson DA, Jones G (2006) Long-term paternity skew and the opportunity for selection in a mammal with reversed sexual size dimorphism. Molecular Ecology, 15, 30353043.
  • Schwartz OA, Armitage KB, Van Vuren D (1998) A 32-year demography of yellow-bellied marmots (Marmota flaviventris). Journal of Zoology, 246, 337346.
  • Sih A, Hanser SF, McHugh KA (2009) Social network theory: new insights and issues for behavioral ecologists. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 63, 975988.
  • Silk JB, Alberts SC, Altmann J (2006a) Social relationships among adult female baboons (Papio cynocephalus). II. Variation in the quality and stability of social bonds. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 61, 197204.
  • Silk JB, Altmann J, Alberts SC (2006b) Social relationships among adult female baboons (Papio cynocephalus). I. Variation in the strength of social bonds. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 61, 183195.
  • Silk JB, Beehner JC, Bergman TJ et al. (2010) Female chacma baboons form strong, equitable, and enduring social bonds. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 64, 17331747.
  • Sillero-Zubiri C, Gottelli D (1992) Feeding ecology of spotted hyaena (Mammalia: Crocuta crocuta) in a mountain forest habitat. Journal of African Zoology, 106, 169176.
  • Smale L, Frank LG, Holekamp KE (1993) Ontogeny of dominance in free-living spotted hyaenas: juvenile rank relations with adult females and immigrant males. Animal Behaviour, 46, 467477.
  • Smale L, Nunes S, Holekamp KE (1997) Sexually dimorphic dispersal in mammals: patterns, causes, and consequences. Advances in the Study of Behavior, 26, 181250.
  • Smith JE, Memenis SK, Holekamp KE (2007) Rank-related partner choice in the fission-fusion society of the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 61, 753765.
  • Smith JE, Kolowski JM, Graham KE, Dawes SE, Holekamp KE (2008) Social and ecological determinants of fission-fusion dynamics in the spotted hyaena. Animal Behaviour, 76, 619636.
  • Smith JE, Van Horn RC, Powning KS et al. (2010) Evolutionary forces favoring intragroup coalitions among spotted hyenas and other animals. Behavioral Ecology, 21, 284303.
  • Smith JE, Powning KS, Dawes SE et al. (2011) Greetings promote cooperation and reinforce social bonds among spotted hyenas. Animal Behaviour, 81, 401415.
  • Spong G, Stone J, Creel S, Björklund M (2002) Genetic structure of lions (Panthera leo L.) in the Selous Game Reserve: implications for the evolution of sociality. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 15, 945953.
  • Sugg DW, Chesser RK, Dobson FS, Hoogland JL (1996) Population genetics meets behavioral ecology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 11, 338342.
  • Swanson EM, Dworkin I, Holekamp KE (2011) Lifetime selection on a hypoallometric size trait in the spotted hyena. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London. B, DOI 10.1098/rspb.2010.2512 In press.
  • Szykman M, Engh AL, Van Horn RC et al. (2001) Association patterns among male and female spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta) reflect male mate choice. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 50, 231238.
  • Szykman M, Engh AL, Van Horn RC et al. (2003) Rare male aggression directed toward females in a female-dominated society: baiting behavior in the spotted hyena. Aggressive Behavior, 29, 457474.
  • Tanner CJ, Jackson AL (2011) Social structure emerges via the interaction between local ecology and individual behaviour. Journal of Animal Ecology, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2011.01879.x. In press.
  • Tilson RL, Hamilton WJ (1984) Social dominance and feeding patterns of spotted hyaenas. Animal Behaviour, 32, 715724.
  • Tilson RL, Henschel JR (1986) Spatial arrangement of spotted hyaena groups in a desert environment, Namibia. African Journal of Ecology, 24, 173180.
  • Travisano M, Mongld JA, Bennette AF et al. (1995) Experimental test of the roles of adaptation, chance and history in evolution. Science, 267, 8790.
  • Trewhella WJ, Harris S, McAllister FE (1988) Dispersal distance, home range size and population density in the red fox (Vulpes vulpes): a quantitative analysis. Journal of Applied Ecology, 25, 423434.
  • Trinkel M, Fleischmann PH, Kastberger G (2006) Comparison of land-use strategies of spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta, Erxleben) in different ecosystems. African Journal of Ecology, 44, 537539.
  • Van Horn RC, McElhinny TL, Holekamp KE (2003) Age estimation and dispersal in the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta). Journal of Mammalogy, 84, 10191030.
  • Van Horn RC, Engh AL, Scribner KT, Funk SM, Holekamp KE (2004a) Behavioral structuring of relatedness in the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) suggests direct fitness benefits of clan-level cooperation. Molecular Ecology, 13, 449458.
  • Van Horn RC, Wahaj SA, Holekamp KE (2004b) Role-reversed nepotism among cubs and sires in the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta). Ethology, 110, 413426.
  • Van Horn RC, Watts HE, Holekamp KE (2008) Do female hyaenas choose mates based on tenure? Nature, 454, E1.
  • Van Meter PE (2009) Hormones, stress and aggression in the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) Ph.D. Dissertation, Michigan State University.
  • Vilà C, Sundqvist A-K, Flagstad Ø et al. (2003) Rescue of a severely bottlenecked wolf (Canis lupus) population by a single immigrant. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B, 270, 9197.
  • Wahaj SA, Holekamp KE (2006) Functions of sibling aggression in the spotted hyaena, Crocuta crocuta. Animal Behaviour, 71, 14011409.
  • Wahaj SA, Van Horn RC, Van Horn TL et al. (2004) Kin discrimination in the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta): nepotism among siblings. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 56, 237247.
  • Wasserman S, Faust K (1994) Social Network Analysis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Watts HE, Holekamp KE (2008) Interspecific competitiong influences reproduction in spotted hyenas. Journal of Zoology, London, 276, 402410.
  • Watts HE, Holekamp KE (2009) Ecological determinants of survival and reproduction in the spotted hyena. Journal of Mammalogy, 90, 461471.
  • Watts HE, Tanner JB, Lundrigan BL, Holekamp KE (2009) Post-weaning maternal effects and the evolution of female dominance in the spotted hyena. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B, 276, 22912298.
  • Watts HE, Scribner KT, Garcia HA, Holekamp KE (2011) Genetic diversity and structure in two spotted hyena populations reflects social organization and male dispersal. Journal of Zoology, London. In press.
  • West SA, Gardner A (2007) Evolutionary explanations for cooperation. Current Biology, 17, R661R672.
  • Wey TW, Blumstein DT (2010) Social cohesion in yellow-bellied marmots is established through age and kin structuring. Animal Behaviour, 79, 13431352.
  • Wey T, Blumstein DT, Shen W, Jordán F (2008) Social network analysis of animal behaviour: a promising tool for the study of sociality. Animal Behaviour, 75, 333344.
  • White PA (2006) Costs and strategies of communal den use vary by rank for spotted hyaenas, Crocuta crocuta. Animal Behaviour, 73, 149156.
  • Widdig A (2007) Paternal kin discrimination: the evidence and likely mechanisms. Biological Reviews, 82, 319334.
  • Widdig A, Bercovitch FB, Streich WJ, Sauermann U, Nürnberg P, Krawczak M (2004) A longitudinal analysis of reproductive skew in male rhesus macaques. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B, 271, 819826.
  • Wiszniewski J, Lusseau D, Möller LM (2010) Female bisexual kinship ties maintain social cohesion in a dolphin network. Animal Behaviour, 80, 895904.
  • Wolf JB, Trillmich F (2008) Kin in space: social viscosity in a spatially and genetically substructured network. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B, 275, 20632069.
  • Wroblewski EE, Murray CM, Keele BF et al. (2009) Male dominance rank and reproductive success in chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii. Animal Behaviour, 77, 873885.