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Data S1 Materials and methods.

Table S1 Microsatellite loci with repeat unit, primer sequence and size range in African and Asian elephants.

Table S2 Estimated probability (P) of falsely accepting a homozygote, given the observed rate of allelic dropout (K), after three replicates for each locus according to Gagneux et al. (1997).

Table S3 Estimated mean likelihoods of data and posterior probabilities for each cluster (= 1–5) for (a) the complete data set and (b) where individuals containing missing data were excluded from the analyses.

Table S4 Genetic variation in each locus and time period, after excluding individuals containing missing data.

Table S5 The observed allele frequencies for each locus and time period.

Table S6Microsatellite genotypes.

Fig. S1 Estimated population structure from analyses performed on individuals with complete genotypes (= 44).

Fig. S2 Variability as a function of standardized sample size for samples from before (black) and after (grey) 12  KA.

Fig. S3 Posterior predictive simulations recapitulating the correlation between PC1 and time when the effective population size after 12  KA is severely contracted. Samples >12  KA are shown as black squares and samples <9  KA are shown as grey circles. PC1 plotted against time is shown on top and PC1 vs. PC2 on bottom.

Fig. S4 Marginal posterior predictive distribution for each of 12 different summary statistics based on posterior parameter distributions obtained for the 2-epoch model.

Fig. S5 Marginal posterior predictive distribution for each of 12 different summary statistics based on posterior parameter distributions obtained for the 3-epoch model.

istics based on posterior parameter distributions obtained for the 3-epoch model.

FilenameFormatSizeDescription
MEC_5525_sm_FigureS1-S5-SupportingInformation.doc1650KSupporting info item
MEC_5525_sm_TableS6.xls40KSupporting info item

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