Testing hypotheses for genealogical discordance in a rainforest lizard

Authors

  • Sonal Singhal,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
    • Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
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  • Craig Moritz

    1. Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
    2. Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
    3. Division of Evolution, Ecology & Genetics, Research School of Biology, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
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Correspondence: Sonal Singhal, Fax: 510 643 8238; E-mail: singhal@berkeley.edu

Abstract

Genealogical discordance, or when different genes tell distinct stories although they evolved under a shared history, often emerges from either coalescent stochasticity or introgression. In this study, we present a strong case of mito-nuclear genealogical discordance in the Australian rainforest lizard species complex of Saproscincus basiliscus and S. lewisi. One of the lineages that comprises this complex, the Southern S. basiliscus lineage, is deeply divergent at the mitochondrial genome but shows markedly less divergence at the nuclear genome. By placing our results in a comparative context and reconstructing the lineages' demography via multilocus and coalescent-based approximate Bayesian computation methods, we test hypotheses for how coalescent variance and introgression contribute to this pattern. These analyses suggest that the observed genealogical discordance likely results from introgression. Further, to generate such strong discordance, introgression probably acted in concert with other factors promoting asymmetric gene flow between the mitochondrial and nuclear genomes, such as selection or sex-biased dispersal. This study offers a framework for testing sources of genealogical discordance and suggests that historical introgression can be an important force shaping the genetic diversity of species and their populations.

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