Salmonella species are facultative intracellular pathogens that invade epithelial cells and reside within lysosomal membrane glycoprotein (Igp)-containing vacuoles. Coincident with the onset of bacterial replication inside these vacuoles, Salmonella induce the formation of stable Igp-containing filamentous structures that connect with the Salmonella-containing vacuoles. Salmonella typhimurium SL1344::Tn 10dCm mutant strains unable to induce these structures were isolated. All contained insertions within a novel Salmonella induced filament gene A (sifA). sifA is present only in Salmonella species and encodes a protein with a predicted molecular mass of 38kDa and an apparent molecular mass of 35kDa. sifA is flanked by ∼300 base pairs, and sifA and its flanking DNA show no homology to sequences in DNA databases. sifA is located within the potABCD operon, a housekeeping locus involved in periplasmic transport of polyamines. Fourteen-base-pair direct repeats mark the probable site of integration of sifA and its flanking DNA at the 3 end of potB. sifA and its flanking DNA have a significantly reduced G+C content (41%) when compared with the potABCD operon (51%) and the Salmonella genome (52–54%). Deletion mutant strains