The cytosolic SycE and SycH chaperones of Yersinia protect the region of YopE and YopH involved in translocation across eukaryotic cell membranes

Authors

  • Sophie Woestyn,

    1. Microbial Pathogenesis Unit, International Institute of Cellular and Molecular Pathology and Faculté de Médecine, Université Catholique de Louvain, UCL 74-49, B-1200 Brussels, Belgium.
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  • Marie-Paule Sory,

    1. Microbial Pathogenesis Unit, International Institute of Cellular and Molecular Pathology and Faculté de Médecine, Université Catholique de Louvain, UCL 74-49, B-1200 Brussels, Belgium.
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  • Anne Boland,

    1. Microbial Pathogenesis Unit, International Institute of Cellular and Molecular Pathology and Faculté de Médecine, Université Catholique de Louvain, UCL 74-49, B-1200 Brussels, Belgium.
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  • Olivier Lequenne,

    1. Microbial Pathogenesis Unit, International Institute of Cellular and Molecular Pathology and Faculté de Médecine, Université Catholique de Louvain, UCL 74-49, B-1200 Brussels, Belgium.
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  • Guy R. Cornelis

    Corresponding author
    1. Microbial Pathogenesis Unit, International Institute of Cellular and Molecular Pathology and Faculté de Médecine, Université Catholique de Louvain, UCL 74-49, B-1200 Brussels, Belgium.
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Summary

Yersinia adhering at the surface of eukaryotic cells secrete a set of proteins called Yops. This secretion which occurs via a type III secretion pathway is immediately followed by the injection of some Yops into the cytosol of eukaryotic cells. Translocation of YopE and YopH across the eukaryotic cell membranes requires the presence of the translocators YopB and YopD. YopE and YopH are modular proteins composed of an N-terminal secretion signal, an internalization domain, and an effector domain. Secretion of YopE and YopH requires the presence of the specific cytosolic chaperones SycE and SycH, respectively. In this work, we have mapped the regions of YopE and YopH that are involved in binding of their cognate chaperone. There is only one Syc-binding domain in YopE (residues 15–50) and YopH (residues 20–70). This domain is localized immediately after the secretion signal and it corresponds to the internalization domain. Removal of this bifunctional domain did not affect secretion of YopE and YopH and even suppressed the need for the chaperone in the secretion process. Thus SycE and SycH are not secretion pilots. Instead, we propose that they prevent intrabacterial interaction of YopE and YopH with proteins involved in translocation of these Yops across eukaryotic cell membranes.

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