Characterization of HOG1 homologue, CpMK1, from Cryphonectria parasitica and evidence for hypovirus-mediated perturbation of its phosphorylation in response to hypertonic stress
Article first published online: 15 JAN 2004
Volume 51, Issue 5, pages 1267–1277, March 2004
How to Cite
Park, S.-M., Choi, E.-S., Kim, M.-J., Cha, B.-J., Yang, M.-S. and Kim, D.-H. (2004), Characterization of HOG1 homologue, CpMK1, from Cryphonectria parasitica and evidence for hypovirus-mediated perturbation of its phosphorylation in response to hypertonic stress. Molecular Microbiology, 51: 1267–1277. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.2004.03919.x
- Issue published online: 15 JAN 2004
- Article first published online: 15 JAN 2004
- Accepted 30 October, 2003.
We examined the biological function of cpmk1, which encodes a MAPK of Cryphonectria parasitica, and its regulation by mycovirus. Sequence comparisons revealed that cpmk1 had highest homology with osm1, a hog1-homologue from Magnaporthe grisea. A growth defect was observed in the cpmk1-null mutant under hyperosmotic conditions, indicating that cpmk1 functionally belongs to a hog1 subfamily. Immunoblot analyses indicated that the CpMK1 pathway was affected specifically in hyperosmotic conditions by the hypovirus CHV1-EP713. Moreover, the virus-infected hypovirulent UEP1 strain also exhibited severe osmosensitivity compared to the virus-free isogenic strain EP155/2, thus providing additional evidence for viral regulation of cpmk1 in response to a hypertonic stress. Besides osmosensitivity, disruption of cpmk1 resulted in several, but not all, hypovirulence-associated changes, such as reduced pigmentation, conidiation, laccase production and cryparin expression. However, the cpmk1-null mutant exhibited an increased accumulation of pheromone gene transcripts. Virulence assays of the cpmk1-null mutant revealed reduced canker area, but not as severe as that of UEP1. These results suggest that mycoviruses modulate the MAPK and thereby provoke the aberrant expression of target genes, some of which are likely to be implicated in viral symptom development.