Type III secretion chaperones of Pseudomonas syringae protect effectors from Lon-associated degradation
Article first published online: 2 DEC 2004
Volume 55, Issue 3, pages 941–953, February 2005
How to Cite
Losada, L. C. and Hutcheson, S. W. (2005), Type III secretion chaperones of Pseudomonas syringae protect effectors from Lon-associated degradation. Molecular Microbiology, 55: 941–953. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.2004.04438.x
- Issue published online: 2 DEC 2004
- Article first published online: 2 DEC 2004
- Accepted 14 October, 2004.
The hrp type III secretion system (TTSS) of Pseudomonas syringae translocates effector proteins into the cytoplasm of host cells. Proteolysis of HrpR by Lon has been shown to negatively regulate the hrp TTSS. The inability to bypass Lon-associated effects on the regulatory system by ectopic expression of the known regulators suggested a second site of action for Lon in TTSS-dependent effector secretion. In this study we report that TTSS-dependent effectors are subject to the proteolytic degradation that appears to be rate-limiting to secretion. The half-lives of the effectors AvrPto, AvrRpt2, HopPsyA, HopPsyB1, HopPtoB2, HopPsyV1, HopPtoG and HopPtoM were substantially higher in bacteria lacking Lon. TTSS-dependent secretion of several effectors was enhanced from Lon mutants. A primary role for chaperones appears to be protection of effectors from Lon-associated degradation prior to secretion. When coexpressed with their cognate chaperone, HopPsyB1, HopPsyV1 and HopPtoM were at least 10 times more stable in strains expressing Lon. Distinct Lon-targeting and chaperone-binding domains were identified in HopPtoM. The results imply that Lon is involved at two distinct levels in the regulation of the P. syringae TTSS: regulation of assembly of the secreton and modulation of effector secretion.