SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Bateman, A., Bycroft, M. (2000) The structure of a LysM domain from E. coli membrane-bound lytic murein transglycosylase D (MltD). J Mol Biol 299: 11131119.
  • Bradford, M. (1976) A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding. Anal Biochem 72: 248254.
  • De Las Rivas, B., Garcia, J.L., Lopez, R., Garcia, P. (2002) Purification and polar localization of pneumococcal LytB, a putative endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase: the chain-dispersing murein hydrolase. J Bacteriol 184: 49885000.
  • Ghuysen, J.M., Tipper, D.J., Strominger, J.L. (1966) Enzymes that degrade bacterial cell walls. Methods Enzymol 8: 685699.
  • Heidrich, C., Templin, M.F., Ursinus, A., Merdanovic, M., Berger, J., Schwarz, H., et al. (2001) Involvement of N-acetylmuramyl-l-alanine amidases in cell separation and antibiotic-induced autolysis of Escherichia coli. Mol Microbiol 41: 167178.
  • von Heijne, G. (1986) A new method for predicting signal sequence cleavage sites. Nucleic Acids Res 14: 46834690.
  • Heilmann, C., Thumm, G., Chhatwal, S., Hartleib, J., Uekotter, A., Peters, G. (2003) Identification and characterization of a novel autolysin (Aae) with adhesive properties from Staphylococcus epidermidis. Microbiology 149: 27692778.
  • Höltje, J.V. (1998) Growth of the stress-bearing and shape-maintaining murein sacculus of Escherichia coli. Microbiol Mol Bio Rev 62: 181203.
  • Komatsuzawa, H., Suzuki, J., Sugai, M., Miyake, Y., Suginaka, H. (1994) The effect of Triton X-100 on the in vitro susceptibility of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus to oxacillin. J Antimicrob Chemother 34: 885897.
  • Komatsuzawa, H., Sugai, M., Nakashima, S., Yamada, S., Matsumoto, A., Oshida, T., Suginaka, H. (1997) Subcellular localization of the major autolysin, ATL and its processed proteins in Staphylococcus aureus. Microbiol Immunol 41: 469479.
  • Mani, N., Baddour, L.M., Offutt, D.Q., Vijaranakul, U., Nadakavukaren, M.J., Jayaswal, R.K. (1994) Autolysis-defective mutant of Staphylococcus aureus: pathological considerations, genetic mapping, and electron microscopic studies. Infect Immun 62: 14061409.
  • Nugroho, F.A., Yamamoto, H., Kobayashi, Y., Sekiguchi, J. (1999) Characterization of a new sigma-K-dependent peptidoglycan hydrolase gene that plays a role in Bacillus subtilis mother cell lysis. J Bacteriol 181: 62306237.
  • Ohnishi, R., Ishikawa, S., Sekiguchi, J. (1999) Peptidoglycan hydrolase LytF plays a role in cell separation with CwlF during vegetative growth of Bacillus subtilis. J Bacteriol 181: 31783184.
  • Ohta, K., Komatsuawa, H., Sugai, M., Suginaka, H. (1998) Zymographic characterization of Staphylococcus aureus cell wall. Microbiol Immunol 42: 231235.
  • Oshida, T., Sugai, M., Komatsuzawa, H., Hong, Y.-M., Suginaka, H., Tomasz, A. (1995) A Staphylococcus aureus autolysin that has an N-acetylmuramoyl-l-alanine amidase domain and an endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase domain: cloning, seuence analysis, and characterization. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 92: 285289.
  • Ramadurai, L., Jayaswal, R.K. (1997) Molecular cloning, sequencing, and expression of lytM, a unique autolytic gene of Staphylococcus aureus. J Bacteriol 179: 36253631.
  • Roos, M., Pittenauer, E., Schmid, E., Beyer, M., Reinike, B., Allmaier, G., Labischinski, H. (1998) Improved high-performance liquid chromatographic separation of peptidoglycan isolated from various Staphylococcus aureus strains for mass spectrometric characterization. J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl 705: 183192.
  • Sambrook, J., Maniatis, T., Fritsch, E.F. (1989) Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. Plainview, New York: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.
  • Severin, A., Horne, D., Tomaz, A. (1997) Autolysis and cell wall degradation in a choline-independent strain of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Microb Drug Resist 3: 391400.
  • Shockman, J.D., Barret, J.F. (1983) Structure, function, and assembly of cell walls of Gram-positive bacteria. Annu Rev Microbiol 37: 501527.
  • Shockman, J.D., Höltje, J.V. (1994) Microbial peptidoglycan (murein) hydrolases. In Bacterial Cell Wall, Vol. 27. Ghuysen, J.M., Hakenbeck, R. (eds). Amsterdam: Elsevier Science B. V., pp. 131166.
  • Stranden, A.M., Ehlert, K., Labischinski, H., Berger-Baechi, B. (1997) Cell wall monoglycine cross-bridges and methicillin hypersusceptibility in a femAB null mutant of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. J Bacteriol 179: 916.
  • Sugai, M. (1997) Peptidoglycan hydrolases of the Staphylococci. J Infect Chemother 3: 113127.
  • Sugai, M., Akiyama, T., Komatsuzawa, H., Miyake, Y., Suginaka, H. (1990) Characterization of sodium dodecyl sulfate-stable Staphylococcus aureus bacteriolytic enzymes by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. J Bacteriol 172: 64946498.
  • Sugai, M., Komatsuawa, H., Tomita, S., Akiyama, T., Miyake, Y., Suginaka, H. (1991) Detection of a staphylococcal endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase using polyacrylamide gels. J Microbiol Methods 13: 1116.
  • Sugai, M., Komatsuzawa, H., Akiyama, T., Hong, Y.-M., Oshida, T., Miyake, Y., et al. (1995) Identification of endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase and N-acetylmuramyl-l-alanine amidase as cluster-dispersing enzymes in Staphylococcus aureus. J Bacteriol 177: 14911496.
  • Sugai, M., Yamada, S., Nakashima, S., Komatsuawa, H., Matsumoto, A., Oshida, T., Suginaka, H. (1997a) Localized perforation of the cell wall by a major autolysin: atl gene products and the onset of penicillin-induced lysis of Staphylococcus aureus. J Bacteriol 179: 29582962.
  • Sugai, M., Fujiwara, T., Ohta, K., Komatsuzawa, H., Ohara, M., Suginaka, H. (1997b) epr, which encodes glycylglycine endopeptidase resistance, is homologous to femAB and affects serine content of peptidoglycan cross bridges in Staphylococcus capitis and Staphylococcus aureus. J Bacteriol 179: 43114318.
  • Takahashi, J., Komatsuzawa, H., Yamada, S., Nishida, T., Labischinski, H., Fujiwara, T., et al. (2002) Molecular characterization of an atl null mutant of Staphylococcus aureus. Microbiol Immunol 46: 601612.
  • Thompson, J.S., Shockman, J.D. (1969) A modification of the Park and Johnson reducing sugar determination suitable for the assay of insoluble materials: its application to bacterial cell wall. Anal Biochem 22: 260268.
  • Ward, J.B., Williamson, R. (1984) Bacterial autolysins: specificity and function. In Microbial Cell Wall Synthesis and Autolysis. Nombela, C. (ed.). Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers B. V., pp. 159166.
  • Yamada, S., Sugai, M., Komatsuawa, H., Nakashima, S., Oshida, T., Matsumoto, A., Suginaka, H. (1996) An autolysin ring associated with cell separation of Staphylococcus aureus. J Bacteriol 178: 15651571.
  • Yothrer, J., Leopold, K., White, J., Fischer, W. (1998) Generation and properties of a Streptococcus pneumoniae mutant which does not require choline or analogs for growth. J Bacteriol 180: 20932101.