OmpC and the σE regulatory pathway are involved in adhesion and invasion of the Crohn's disease-associated Escherichia coli strain LF82
Article first published online: 12 MAR 2007
Volume 63, Issue 6, pages 1684–1700, March 2007
How to Cite
Rolhion, N., Carvalho, F. A. and Darfeuille-Michaud, A. (2007), OmpC and the σE regulatory pathway are involved in adhesion and invasion of the Crohn's disease-associated Escherichia coli strain LF82. Molecular Microbiology, 63: 1684–1700. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.2007.05638.x
- Issue published online: 12 MAR 2007
- Article first published online: 12 MAR 2007
- Accepted 15 January, 2007.
Ileal lesions of 36.4% of patients with Crohn's disease (CD), an inflammatory bowel disease in humans, are colonized by pathogenic adherent-invasive Escherichia coli (AIEC), and high levels of antibodies directed against E. coli OmpC are present in 37–55% of CD patients. We therefore investigated the expression of OmpC and its role in the interaction of CD-associated adherent-invasive E. coli strain LF82 with intestinal epithelial cells. High osmolarity induced a significant increase in the ability of LF82 bacteria to interact with Intestine-407 cells, which correlates with increased OmpC expression. Deletion of ompC gene markedly decreased the adhesion and invasion levels of the corresponding mutant. A LF82-ΔompR mutant impaired in OmpC and OmpF expression, showed decreased adhesion and invasion, and unlike a K-12-negative OmpR mutant did not express flagella and type 1 pili. Interestingly, the wild-type phenotype was restored when OmpC or OmpF expression was induced in the LF82-ΔompR mutant. Overexpression of RpoE in the LF82-ΔompR isogenic mutant restored a full wild-type phenotype without restoring OmpC expression. Increased expression of RpoE was observed in wild-type strain LF82 at high osmolarity. Hence, the role of OmpC in the AIEC LF82 adhesion and invasion is indirect and involves the σE regulatory pathway.