Amino sugars are essential precursor molecules for the biosynthesis of bacterial cell walls. Their synthesis pathway is initiated by glucosamine-6-phosphate (GlcN-6-P) synthase (GlmS) which catalyses the rate limiting reaction. We report here that expression of the Escherichia coli glmS gene is negatively feedback regulated by its product GlcN-6-P at the post-transcriptional level. Initially, we observed that mutants defective for yhbJ, a gene of the rpoN operon, overproduce GlmS. Concomitantly, a glmS mRNA accumulates that is derived from processing of the primary glmUS transcript at the glmU stop codon by RNase E. A transposon mutagenesis screen in the yhbJ mutant identified the small RNA GlmZ (formerly RyiA or SraJ) to be required for glmS mRNA accumulation. GlmZ, which is normally processed, accumulates in its full-length form in the yhbJ mutant. In the wild type, a decrease of the intracellular GlcN-6-P concentration induces accumulation of the glmS transcript in a GlmZ-dependent manner. Concomitantly, GlmZ accumulates in its unprocessed form. Hence, we conclude that the biological function of GlmZ is to positively control the glmS mRNA in response to GlcN-6-P concentrations and that YhbJ negatively regulates GlmZ. As in yhbJ mutants GlcN-6-P has no effect, YhbJ is essential for sensing this metabolite.