SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Anonymous (1999) From the centers for disease control and prevention. Four pediatric deaths from community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus – Minnesota and North Dakota, 1997–99. JAMA 282: 11231125.
  • Baba, T., Takeuchi, F., Kuroda, M., Yuzawa, H., Aoki, K., Oguchi, A., et al. (2002) Genome and virulence determinants of high virulence community-acquired MRSA. Lancet 359: 18191827.
  • Bader, M.W., Sanowar, S., Daley, M.E., Schneider, A.R., Cho, U., Xu, W., et al. (2005) Recognition of antimicrobial peptides by a bacterial sensor kinase. Cell 122: 461472.
  • Bae, T., and Schneewind, O. (2006) Allelic replacement in Staphylococcus aureus with inducible counter-selection. Plasmid 55: 5863.
  • Bligh, E.G., and Dyer, W.J. (1959) A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification. Can J Biochem Physiol 37: 911917.
  • Brodsky, I.E., and Gunn, J.S. (2005) A bacterial sensory system that activates resistance to innate immune defenses: potential targets for antimicrobial therapeutics. Mol Interv 5: 335337.
  • Bruckner, R. (1997) Gene replacement in Staphylococcus carnosus and Staphylococcus xylosus. FEMS Microbiol Lett 151: 18.
  • Chambers, H.F. (2005) Community-associated MRSA – resistance and virulence converge. N Engl J Med 352: 14851487.
  • Faurschou, M., and Borregaard, N. (2003) Neutrophil granules and secretory vesicles in inflammation. Microbes Infect 5: 13171327.
  • Hancock, R.E., and Diamond, G. (2000) The role of cationic antimicrobial peptides in innate host defences. Trends Microbiol 8: 402410.
  • Harder, J., and Schroder, J.M. (2005) Antimicrobial peptides in human skin. Chem Immunol Allergy 86: 2241.
  • Harder, J., Bartels, J., Christophers, E., and Schroder, J.M. (2001) Isolation and characterization of human beta-defensin-3, a novel human inducible peptide antibiotic. J Biol Chem 276: 57075713.
  • Herbert, S., Bera, A., Nerz, C., Kraus, D., Peschel, A., Goerke, C., et al. (2007) Molecular basis of resistance to muramidase and cationic antimicrobial peptide activity of lysozyme in staphylococci. PLoS Pathog 3: e102.
  • Khan, S.A., Carleton, S.M., and Novick, R.P. (1981) Replication of plasmid pT181 DNA in vitro: requirement for a plasmid-encoded product. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 78: 49024906.
  • Komatsuzawa, H., Ouhara, K., Yamada, S., Fujiwara, T., Sayama, K., Hashimoto, K., and Sugai, M. (2006) Innate defences against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection. J Pathol 208: 249260.
  • Kreiswirth, B.N., Lofdahl, S., Betley, M.J., O'Reilly, M., Schlievert, P.M., Bergdoll, M.S., and Novick, R.P. (1983) The toxic shock syndrome exotoxin structural gene is not detectably transmitted by a prophage. Nature 305: 709712.
  • Kuroda, M., Kuwahara-Arai, K., and Hiramatsu, K. (2000) Identification of the up- and down-regulated genes in vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains Mu3 and Mu50 by cDNA differential hybridization method. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 269: 485490.
  • Lai, Y., Villaruz, A.E., Li, M., Cha, D.J., Sturdevant, D.E., and Otto, M. (2007) The human anionic antimicrobial peptide dermcidin induces proteolytic defence mechanisms in staphylococci. Mol Microbiol 63: 497506.
  • Lekstrom-Himes, J.A., and Gallin, J.I. (2000) Immunodeficiency diseases caused by defects in phagocytes. N Engl J Med 343: 17031714.
  • Li, M., Lai, Y., Villaruz, A.E., Cha, D.J., Sturdevant, D.E., and Otto, M. (2007) Gram-positive three-component antimicrobial peptide-sensing system. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 104: 94699474.
  • Lowy, F.D. (1998) Staphylococcus aureus infections. N Engl J Med 339: 520532.
  • Meehl, M., Herbert, S., Gotz, F., and Cheung, A. (2007) Interaction of the GraRS two-component system withthe VraFG ABC transporter to support vancomycin-intermediate resistance in Staphylococcus aureus. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 51: 26792689.
  • Miller, S.I., Kukral, A.M., and Mekalanos, J.J. (1989) A two-component regulatory system (phoP phoQ) controls Salmonella typhimurium virulence. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 86: 50545058.
  • Moran, G.J., Krishnadasan, A., Gorwitz, R.J., Fosheim, G.E., McDougal, L.K., Carey, R.B., and Talan, D.A. (2006) Methicillin-resistant S. aureus infections among patients in the emergency department. N Engl J Med 355: 666674.
  • Patte, J.C. (1994) Biosynthesis of threonine and lysine. In Escherichia coli and Salmonella. Cellular and Molecular Biology. Neidhardt, F.C. (ed.). Washington, DC: American Society for Microbiology, pp. 528541.
  • Peschel, A. (2002) How do bacteria resist human antimicrobial peptides? Trends Microbiol 10: 179186.
  • Peschel, A., and Sahl, H.G. (2006) The co-evolution of host cationic antimicrobial peptides and microbial resistance. Nat Rev Microbiol 4: 529536.
  • Peschel, A., Ottenwalder, B., and Gotz, F. (1996) Inducible production and cellular location of the epidermin biosynthetic enzyme EpiB using an improved staphylococcal expression system. FEMS Microbiol Lett 137: 279284.
  • Peschel, A., Otto, M., Jack, R.W., Kalbacher, H., Jung, G., and Gotz, F. (1999) Inactivation of the dlt operon in Staphylococcus aureus confers sensitivity to defensins, protegrins, and other antimicrobial peptides. J Biol Chem 274: 84058410.
  • Peschel, A., Jack, R.W., Otto, M., Collins, L.V., Staubitz, P., Nicholson, G., et al. (2001) Staphylococcus aureus resistance to human defensins and evasion of neutrophil killing via the novel virulence factor MprF is based on modification of membrane lipids with 1-lysine. J Exp Med 193: 10671076.
  • Seeber, S., Kessler, C., and Gotz, F. (1990) Cloning, expression and characterization of the Sau3AI restriction and modification genes in Staphylococcus carnosus TM300. Gene 94: 3743.
  • Selsted, M.E., Novotny, M.J., Morris, W.L., Tang, Y.Q., Smith, W., and Cullor, J.S. (1992) Indolicidin, a novel bactericidal tridecapeptide amide from neutrophils. J Biol Chem 267: 42924295.
  • Vuong, C., Saenz, H.L., Gotz, F., and Otto, M. (2000) Impact of the agr quorum-sensing system on adherence to polystyrene in Staphylococcus aureus. J Infect Dis 182: 16881693.