In bacteria, the actin-like FtsA protein interacts with the tubulin-like FtsZ protein, helping to assemble the cytokinetic Z ring, anchor it to the cytoplasmic membrane and recruit other essential divisome proteins. FtsA also interacts with itself, but it is not clear whether this self-interaction is required for its full functionality. Here we describe new dominant negative missense mutations in Escherichia coli ftsA that specifically inhibit FtsA homodimerization and simultaneously cause disruption of Z rings. The negative effects of one mutation, M71A, were suppressed by altering levels of certain division proteins or by additional mutations in ftsA that promote increased integrity of the Z ring. Remarkably, when FtsA, FtsA-M71A, and other mutants of FtsA that compromise self-interaction were connected in a tandem repeat, they were at least partially functional and suppressed defects of an ftsZ84(ts) mutation. This gain of function by FtsA tandems further suggested that FtsA monomers cause deleterious interactions with FtsZ and that increased dimerization or oligomerization of FtsA enhances its ability to promote Z-ring integrity. Therefore, we propose that FtsZ assembly is regulated by the extent of FtsA oligomerization.