Looking inside the box: bacterial transistor arrays
Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
© 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Volume 69, Issue 1, pages 5–9, July 2008
How to Cite
Shimizu, T. S. and Le Novère, N. (2008), Looking inside the box: bacterial transistor arrays. Molecular Microbiology, 69: 5–9. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.2008.06240.x
- Issue published online: 28 JUN 2008
- Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
- Accepted 28 March, 2008.
One often compares cells to computers, and signalling proteins to transistors. Location and wiring of those molecular transistors is paramount in defining the function of the subcellular chips. The bacterial chemotactic sensing apparatus is a large, stable assembly consisting of thousands of receptors, signal transducing kinases and linking proteins, and is responsible for the motile response of the bacterium to environmental signals, whether chemical, mechanical, or thermal. Because of its rich functional repertoire despite its relative simplicity, this chemosome has attracted much attention from both experimentalists and theoreticians, and the bacterial chemotaxis response becoming a benchmark in Systems Biology. Structural and functional models of the chemotactic device have been developed, often based on particular assumptions regarding the topology of the receptor lattice. In this issue of Molecular Microbiology, Briegel et al. provide a detailed view of the receptor arrangement, unravelling the wiring of the molecular signal processors.