Present address: Zhuhai invivoGene Biotech Co. Ltd, Zuhai, Guandong 519080, P.R. China.
Escherichia coli DnaA forms helical structures along the longitudinal cell axis distinct from MreB filaments
Article first published online: 25 MAR 2009
© 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Volume 72, Issue 3, pages 645–657, May 2009
How to Cite
Boeneman, K., Fossum, S., Yang, Y., Fingland, N., Skarstad, K. and Crooke, E. (2009), Escherichia coli DnaA forms helical structures along the longitudinal cell axis distinct from MreB filaments. Molecular Microbiology, 72: 645–657. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.2009.06674.x
- Issue published online: 21 APR 2009
- Article first published online: 25 MAR 2009
- Accepted 16 March, 2009.
DnaA initiates chromosomal replication in Escherichia coli at a well-regulated time in the cell cycle. To determine how the spatial distribution of DnaA is related to the location of chromosomal replication and other cell cycle events, the localization of DnaA in living cells was visualized by confocal fluorescence microscopy. The gfp gene was randomly inserted into a dnaA-bearing plasmid via in vitro transposition to create a library that included internally GFP-tagged DnaA proteins. The library was screened for the ability to rescue dnaAts mutants, and a candidate gfp–dnaA was used to replace the dnaA gene of wild-type cells. The resulting cells produce close to physiological levels of GFP–DnaA from the endogenous promoter as their only source of DnaA and somewhat under-initiate replication with moderate asynchrony. Visualization of GFP-tagged DnaA in living cells revealed that DnaA adopts a helical pattern that spirals along the long axis of the cell, a pattern also seen in wild-type cells by immunofluorescence with affinity purified anti-DnaA antibody. Although the DnaA helices closely resemble the helices of the actin analogue MreB, co-visualization of GFP-tagged DnaA and RFP-tagged MreB demonstrates that DnaA and MreB adopt discrete helical structures along the length of the longitudinal cell axis.