Based on observations done with the 1.52-m telescope at the European Southern Observatory (La Silla, Chile).
On the evolutionary stage of the unclassified B[e] star CD-42°11721†
Article first published online: 25 APR 2007
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume 377, Issue 3, pages 1343–1362, May 2007
How to Cite
Borges Fernandes, M., Kraus, M., Lorenz Martins, S. and De Araújo, F. X. (2007), On the evolutionary stage of the unclassified B[e] star CD-42°11721. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 377: 1343–1362. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2007.11698.x
- Issue published online: 25 APR 2007
- Article first published online: 25 APR 2007
- Accepted 2007 March 1. Received 2007 March 1; in original form 2006 March 15
- line: identification;
- stars: emission-line, Be;
- stars: individual: CD-42°11721
The star CD-42°11721 is a curious B[e] star sometimes pointed as an evolved B[e] supergiant and sometimes as a young HAeBe star, due to very uncertain or even unknown stellar parameters, especially the distance. In this paper, we present new data gained from high-resolution optical spectroscopy and a detailed description of infrared (IR) data of this star. We present a qualitative study of the numerous emission lines in our optical spectra and the classification of their line profiles, which indicate a non-spherically symmetric circumstellar environment. The first real detection of numerous [Fe ii] emission lines and of many other permitted and forbidden emission lines is reported. From our optical data, we derive an effective temperature of Teff= 14 000 ± 1000 K, a radius of R*= 17.3 ± 0.6 R⊙, as well as a luminosity of L*= (1.0 ± 0.3) × 104 L⊙. We advocate that CD-42°11721 might be a post-main-sequence object, even though a pre-main-sequence nature cannot be ruled out due to the uncertain distance. We further found that the spectral energy distribution in the optical and IR can best be fitted with an outflowing disc-forming wind scenario rather than with a spherical symmetric envelope or with a flared disc, supporting our tentative classification as a B[e] supergiant.