On the source of dense outflows from T Tauri stars – III. Winds driven from the star–disc shear layer


  • Ana I. Gómez de Castro,

    Corresponding author
    1. S. D. Astronomía y Geodesia, Fac. de CC. Matemáticas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Plaza de Ciencias 3, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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  • Brigitta von Rekowski

    1. Institute of Human Genetics, Newcastle University, International Centre for Life, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 3BZ
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E-mail: aig@mat.ucm.es


Ultraviolet observations of classical T Tauri Stars (cTTSs) have shown that there is a hot (Te≃ 80 000  K) and dense (ne≃ 1010  cm−3) component associated with the large-scale jet. This hot component is formed very close to the base of the jet providing fundamental information on the jet formation mechanism. In this series, we have investigated whether this component can be formed in disc winds, either cool or warm. To conclude the series, jet launching from the interface between the magnetic rotor (the star) and the disc is studied. Synthetic profiles are calculated from numerical simulations of outflow launching by star–disc interaction. Profiles are calculated for several possible configurations of the stellar field: dipolar (with surface strengths B* of 1, 2 and 5 kG) or dynamo fed. Also two types of discs, passive or subjected to an αΩ-dynamo, are considered. These profiles have been used to define the locus of the various models in the observational diagram: dispersion versus centroid, for the profiles of the Si iii] line. Bulk motions produce an increasing broadening of the profile as the lever arm launching the jet becomes more efficient; predicted profiles are however sensitive to the disc inclination. Models are compared with observations of the Si iii] lines obtained with the Hubble Space Telescope.

In addition, it is shown that the non-stationary nature of star–disc winds produce a flickering of the profile during quiescence with variations in the line flux of about 10 per cent. At outburst, accretion signatures appear in the profiles together with an enhancement of the wind, producing the correlation between accretion and outflow as reported from RU Lup, AA Tau and RW Aur observations.