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Optical and near-infrared velocity dispersions of early-type galaxies

Authors

  • Joachim Vanderbeke,

    Corresponding author
    1. Sterrenkundig Observatorium, Universiteit Gent, Krijgslaan 281 S9, B-9000 Gent, Belgium
    2. European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Córdova 3107, Vitacura, Santiago, Chile
      E-mail: joachim.vanderbeke@ugent.be
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  • Maarten Baes,

    1. Sterrenkundig Observatorium, Universiteit Gent, Krijgslaan 281 S9, B-9000 Gent, Belgium
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  • Aaron J. Romanowsky,

    1. UCO/Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    2. Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile
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  • Linda Schmidtobreick

    1. European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Córdova 3107, Vitacura, Santiago, Chile
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  • Based on new observations collected at the European Southern Observatory, Cerro Paranal, Chile; ESO programme 082.B-0897A.

E-mail: joachim.vanderbeke@ugent.be

ABSTRACT

We have carried out a systematic, homogeneous comparison of optical and near-infrared dispersions. Our magnitude-limited sample of early-type galaxies (ETGs) in the Fornax cluster comprises 11 elliptical and 11 lenticular galaxies more luminous than MB=−17. We were able to determine the central dispersions based on the near-infrared CO absorption band head for 19 of those galaxies. The velocity dispersions range from less than 70 km s−1 to over 400 km s−1. We compare our near-infrared velocity dispersions to the optical dispersions measured by Kuntschner. Contrary to previous studies, we find a one-to-one correspondence with a median fractional difference of 6.4 per cent. We examine the correlation between the relative dust mass and the fractional difference of the velocity dispersions, but find no significant trend. Our results suggest that early-type galaxies are largely optically thin, which is consistent with recent Herschel observations.

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