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[O ii] emitters in the GOODS field at z∼ 1.85: a homogeneous measure of evolving star formation




We present the results of a deep, near-infrared, narrow-band imaging survey at a central wavelength of 1.062 μm (FWHM = 0.01 μm) in the GOODS-South field using the ESO VLT instrument, HAWK-I. The data are used to carry out the highest redshift search for [O ii] λ3727 Å emission line galaxies to date. The images reach an emission line flux limit (5σ) of 1.5 × 10−17 erg cm−2 s−1, additionally making the survey the deepest of its kind at high redshift. In this paper we identify a sample of [O ii] λ3727 Å emission line objects at redshift z∼ 1.85 in a comoving volume of ∼4100 Mpc−3. Objects are selected using an observed equivalent width (EWobs) threshold of EWobs> 50Å. The sample is used to derive the space density and constrain the luminosity function of [O ii] emitters at z= 1.85. We find that the space density (ρ) of objects with observed [O ii] luminosities in the range inline image is log(ρ) =−2.45 ± 0.14 Mpc−3, a factor of 2 greater than the observed space density of [O ii] emitters reported at z∼ 1.4. After accounting for completeness and assuming an internal extinction correction of A= 1 mag (equivalent to inline image= 1.87), we report a star formation rate density of inline image M yr−1 Mpc−3. We independently derive the dust extinction of the sample using 24-μm fluxes and find a mean extinction of inline image magnitudes (A= 0.52). This is significantly lower than the A= 1 (inline image= 1.86) mag value widely used in the literature. Finally, we incorporate this improved extinction correction into the star formation rate density measurement and report inline image M yr−1 Mpc−3.