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Keywords:

  • stars: neutron;
  • pulsars: general;
  • X-rays: individual: 1E 161348−5055

ABSTRACT

The X-ray source 1E 161348−5055 lies at the centre of the 2-kyr-old supernova remnant RCW 103. Owing to its 24-ks modulation, orders-of-magnitude flux variability over a few months/years and lack of an obvious optical counterpart, 1E 161348−5055 defies assignment to any known class of X-ray sources. Starting from 2006 April, Swift observed 1E 161348−5055 with its X-Ray Telescope for ∼2 ks approximately once per month. During the five years covered, the source has remained in a quiescent state, with an average observed flux of ∼1.7 × 10−12 erg cm−2 s−1 (1–10 keV), ∼20 times lower than the historical maximum attained in its 1999–2000 outburst. The long time-span of the Swift data allows us to obtain an accurate measure of the period of 1E 161348−5055 [P= 24 030.42(2) s] and to derive the first upper limit on its period derivative (inline image s s−1 at 3σ).