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Ionized bubble number count as a probe of non-Gaussianity

Authors

  • Hiroyuki Tashiro,

    Corresponding author
    1. Center for Particle Physics and Phenomenology (CP3), Université catholique de Louvain, Chemin du Cyclotron, 2, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
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  • Naoshi Sugiyama

    1. Department of Physics and Astrophysics, Nagoya University, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8602, Japan
    2. Institute for Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwa-no-Ha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8582, Japan
    3. Kobayashi-Maskawa Institute for the Origin of Particles and the Universe, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8602, Japan
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E-mail: hiroyuki.tashiro@uclouvain.be

ABSTRACT

The number count of ionized bubbles on a map of 21-cm fluctuations with the primordial non-Gaussianity is investigated. The existence of the primordial non-Gaussianity modifies the re-ionization process, because the formation of collapsed objects, which could be the source of re-ionization photons, is affected by the primordial non-Gaussianity. In this paper, the abundance of ionized bubbles is calculated by using a simple analytic model with the local type of the primordial non-Gaussianity, which is parametrized by fNL. In order to take into account the dependence of the number count on the size of ionized bubbles and the resolution of the observation instrument, a threshold parameter Bb which is related to the the surface brightness temperature contrast of an ionized bubble is introduced. We show the potential to put the constraint on fNL from the number count by future observations such as Low Frequency Array (LOFAR) and Square Kilometre Array (SKA).

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