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Semi-analytic modelling of the extragalactic background light and consequences for extragalactic gamma-ray spectra

Authors

  • Rudy C. Gilmore,

    Corresponding author
    1. SISSA, via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste, Italy
    2. University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
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  • Rachel S. Somerville,

    1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    2. Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
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  • Joel R. Primack,

    1. University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
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  • Alberto Domínguez

    Corresponding author
    1. Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics (SCIPP), University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    2. Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, CSIC, Apdo. Correos 3004, E-18080 Granada, Spain
    3. Departamento de Física Atómica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad de Sevilla, Apdo. Correos 1065, E-41080 Sevilla, Spain
    4. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
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E-mail: rgilmore@sissa.it

Visiting researcher at the Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics (SCIPP).

ABSTRACT

Attenuation of high-energy gamma-rays by pair production with ultraviolet, optical and infrared (IR) extragalactic background light (EBL) photons provides a link between the history of galaxy formation and high-energy astrophysics. We present results from our latest semi-analytic models (SAMs), which employ the main ingredients thought to be important to galaxy formation and evolution, as well as an improved model for reprocessing of starlight by dust to mid- and far-IR wavelengths. These SAMs are based upon a Λ cold dark matter hierarchical structural formation scenario, and are successful in reproducing a large variety of observational constraints such as number counts, luminosity and mass functions and colour bimodality. Our fiducial model is based upon a Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe 5-year cosmology, and treats dust emission using empirical templates. This model predicts a background flux considerably lower than optical and near-IR measurements that rely on subtraction of zodiacal and galactic foregrounds, and near the lower bounds set by number counts of resolvable sources at a large number of wavelengths. We also show the results of varying cosmological parameters and dust attenuation model used in our SAM. For each EBL prediction, we show how the optical depth due to electron–positron pair production is affected by redshift and gamma-ray energy, and the effect of gamma-ray absorption on the spectra of a variety of extragalactic sources. We conclude with a discussion of the implications of our work, comparisons to other models and key measurements of the EBL and a discussion of how the burgeoning science of gamma-ray astronomy will continue to help constrain cosmology. The low EBL flux predicted by our fiducial model suggests an optimistic future for further studies of distant gamma-ray sources.

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