Theoretical infrared and electronic absorption spectra of C16H10 isomers, their ions and doubly ions




Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) or PAH-related molecules are considered to be responsible for the unidentified infrared (UIR) emission features at 3.3, 6.2, 7.7, 8.6 and 11.2 μm. However, the exact identification of PAH or PAH-related molecules is difficult. There have been several investigations on the spectroscopic characterization of PAH molecules. But none of them compared the spectra of isomers of PAHs, which might have help in the identification of the UIR emission features. This work presents the infrared and electronic absorption spectra of isomers of C16H10. The aim of the present work is to compare infrared and electronic absorption spectra of four isomers of C16H10 PAH viz. pyrene, aceanthrylene, acephenanthrylene and fluoranthene, their ions and doubly ions. We also compare the spectra of pyrene in the gas-phase and in H2O ice. We have used the density functional theory with B3LYP exchange and correlation functional and 6-311++g** basis set to study the infrared spectra. The time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) has been used to obtain the electronic absorption spectra. Significant difference in the CC stretching, CH in-plane bending and CH out-of-plane bending vibration modes is observed for the isomers of C16H10 whereas there is no large difference in the CH stretching vibration band. A significant change in the vibrational band is observed for pyrene in H2O ice compared to gas-phase pyrene. Though isomers of C16H10 PAH have the same number of carbon and hydrogen atoms, their spectroscopic characteristics are different. This study should help in identifying the isomers of C16H10, their ions and doubly cation in the interstellar medium.