Get access

A universal scaling for short and long gamma-ray bursts: EX,iso - Eγ,iso - Epk




The comprehensive statistical analysis of Swift X-ray light curves, collecting data from six years of operation, revealed the existence of a universal scaling among the isotropic energy emitted in the rest-frame 1 - 104 keV energy band during the prompt emission (math formula), the peak of the prompt emission energy spectrum (Epk) and the X-ray energy emitted in the 0.3–10 keV observed energy band (EX, iso). In this paper, we show that this three-parameter correlation is robust and does not depend on our definition of EX, iso. It is shared by long, short and low-energetic gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), and thus reflects the existence of some properties which are shared by the GRB class as a whole. A more intuitive way to express the three-parameter correlation is in the form of a two-parameter correlation between the GRB efficiency and Epk. We speculate that the physical origin of such a relation is connected with the outflow Lorentz factor.