Spin–orbit coupling for tidally evolving super-Earths
Article first published online: 20 NOV 2012
© 2012 The Authors Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2012 RAS
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume 427, Issue 3, pages 2239–2250, 11 December 2012
How to Cite
Rodríguez, A., Callegari, N., Michtchenko, T. A. and Hussmann, H. (2012), Spin–orbit coupling for tidally evolving super-Earths. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 427: 2239–2250. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.22084.x
- Issue published online: 20 NOV 2012
- Article first published online: 20 NOV 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 6 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Received: 6 SEP 2012
- FAPESP. Grant Numbers: 2009/16900-5 (AR), 2006/58000-2 (NC)
- Computation Centre of the University of São Paulo
- celestial mechanics;
- planets and satellites: general
We investigate the spin behaviour of close-in rocky planets and the implications for their orbital evolution. Considering that the planet rotation evolves under simultaneous actions of the torque due to the equatorial deformation and the tidal torque, both raised by the central star, we analyse the possibility of temporary captures in spin–orbit resonances.
The results of the numerical simulations of the exact equations of motions indicate that, whenever the planet rotation is trapped in a resonant motion, the orbital decay and the eccentricity damping are faster than the ones in which the rotation follows the so-called pseudo-synchronization. Analytical results obtained through the averaged equations of the spin–orbit problem show a good agreement with the numerical simulations.
We apply the analysis to the cases of the recently discovered hot super-Earths Kepler-10 b, GJ 3634 b and 55 Cnc e. The simulated dynamical history of these systems indicates the possibility of capture in several spin–orbit resonances; particularly, GJ 3634 b and 55 Cnc e can currently evolve under a non-synchronous resonant motion for suitable values of the parameters. Moreover, 55 Cnc e may avoid a chaotic rotation behaviour by evolving towards synchronization through successive temporary resonant trappings.